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An Innovative Short Arm Centrifuge for Future Studies on the Effects of Artificial Gravity on the Human Body

Frett, Timo and Mayrhofer, Michael and Schwandtner, Johann and Anken, Ralf and Petrat, Guido (2014) An Innovative Short Arm Centrifuge for Future Studies on the Effects of Artificial Gravity on the Human Body. Microgravity Science and Technology. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s12217-014-9386-9 ISBN 0938-0108 ISSN 0938-0108

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Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12217-014-9386-9

Abstract

In July 2013, the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Cologne, Germany, commissioned its new medical research facility :envihab. One central element of the facility is a new type of short radius centrifuge called DLR-SAHC 1 (formerly known as :enviFuge), which has been developed in collaboration with AMST Systemtechnik GmbH, Ranshofen, Austria. The shift of subjects above heart-level on a short arm centrifuge allows unique studies on, e.g., the cardiovascular regulation in surroundings with a high gradient of artificial gravity. Equipped with the capacity to move the four nacelles along the acceleration axis simultaneously and independently from each other, the centrifuge allows the possibility to perform up to four complex trials in parallel. The maximal acceleration is 6 g at the foot level and each nacelle can accomodate an up to 150kg payload. Additional equipment can be mounted on two payload bays with a capacity of 100kg each. Standard features of the centrifuge include a motion capturing system with six cameras and two triaxial force plates to study the kinematics of physical exercise (e.g., squatting, jumping or vibration training) under increased gravity. Future projects involving SAHC 1 will allow the development and testing of potential countermeasures and training methods against the negative effects of weightlessness in space on human physiology. Due to the centrifuge’s capability to hold heavy equipment, carrying out a variety of non-human life science experiments requiring complex and heavy hardware is also fully feasible.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/90959/
Document Type:Article
Title:An Innovative Short Arm Centrifuge for Future Studies on the Effects of Artificial Gravity on the Human Body
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Frett, TimoGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Biomedical Science Support Center, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Mayrhofer, MichaelAMST-Systemtechnik GmbH, Research & development, Lamprechtshausener Straße 63, 5282 Ranshofen, AustriaUNSPECIFIED
Schwandtner, JohannAMST-Systemtechnik GmbH, Research & development, Lamprechtshausener Straße 63, 5282 Ranshofen, AustriaUNSPECIFIED
Anken, RalfGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Petrat, GuidoGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Biomedical Science Support Center, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Date:19 September 2014
Journal or Publication Title:Microgravity Science and Technology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1007/s12217-014-9386-9
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0938-0108
ISBN:0938-0108
Status:Published
Keywords:Artificial gravity Centrifuge Life science Countermeasure Human space flight
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Biowissenschaftliche Nutzerunterstützung
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Biomedical Research
Deposited By: Frett, Timo
Deposited On:09 Oct 2014 13:47
Last Modified:10 Jan 2019 15:49

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