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The astrobiological mission EXPOSE-R on board of the International Space Station

Rabbow, Elke and Rettberg, Petra and Barczyk, Simon and Bohmeier, Maria and Parpart, Andre and Panitz, Corinna and Horneck, Gerda and Burfeindt, Jürgen and Molter, Ferdinand and Jaramillo, Esther and Pereira, Carlos and Weiß, Peter and Willnecker, Rainer and Demets, Rene and Dettmann, Jan and Reitz, Guenther (2014) The astrobiological mission EXPOSE-R on board of the International Space Station. International Journal of Astrobiology, 14 (1), pp. 3-16. Cambridge University Press. DOI: 10.1017/S1473550414000202 ISSN 1473-5504

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1473550414000202

Abstract

EXPOSE-R flew as the second of the European Space Agency (ESA) EXPOSE multi-user facilities on the International Space Station. During the mission on the external URM-D platform of the Zvezda service module, samples of eight international astrobiology experiments selected by ESA and one Russian guest experiment were exposed to low Earth orbit space parameters from March 10th, 2009 to January 21st, 2011. EXPOSE-R accommodated a total of 1220 samples for exposure to selected space conditions and combinations, including space vacuum, temperature cycles through 273 K, cosmic radiation, solar electromagnetic radiation at >110, >170 or >200 nm at various fluences up to GJ m⁻². Samples ranged from chemical compounds via unicellular organisms and multicellular mosquito larvae and seeds to passive radiation dosimeters. Additionally, one active radiation measurement instrument was accommodated on EXPOSE-R and commanded from ground in accordance with the facility itself. Data on ultraviolet radiation, cosmic radiation and temperature were measured every 10 s and downlinked by telemetry and data carrier every few months. The EXPOSE-R trays and samples returned to Earth on March 9th, 2011 with Shuttle flight, Space Transportation System (STS)-133/ULF 5, Discovery, after successful total mission duration of 27 months in space. The samples were analysed in the individual investigators laboratories. A parallel Mission Ground Reference experiment was performed on ground with a parallel set of hardware and samples under simulated space conditions following to the data transmitted from the flight mission.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/90615/
Document Type:Article
Title:The astrobiological mission EXPOSE-R on board of the International Space Station
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Rabbow, ElkeRadiation Biology, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, DLR, D-51147 Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, PetraRadiation Biology, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, DLR, D-51147 Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Barczyk, SimonRadiation Biology, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, DLR, D-51147 Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Bohmeier, MariaRadiation Biology, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, DLR, D-51147 Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Parpart, AndreRadiation Biology, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, DLR, D-51147 Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Panitz, CorinnaInstitute of Aerospace Medicine, RWTH Aachen, D-52057 Aachen, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Horneck, GerdaRadiation Biology, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, DLR, D-51147 Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Burfeindt, JürgenKayser-Threde GmbH, D-81379 München, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Molter, FerdinandKayser-Threde GmbH, D-81379 München, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Jaramillo, EstherRUAG Schweiz AG, RUAG Space, CH-8052 Zürich, SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIED
Pereira, CarlosRUAG Schweiz AG, RUAG Space, CH-8052 Zürich, SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIED
Weiß, PeterMUSC, DLR, D-51147 Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Willnecker, RainerMUSC, DLR, D-51147 Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Demets, ReneESA ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.UNSPECIFIED
Dettmann, JanESA ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.UNSPECIFIED
Reitz, GuentherRadiation Biology, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, DLR, D-51147 Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Date:2014
Journal or Publication Title:International Journal of Astrobiology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:14
DOI :10.1017/S1473550414000202
Page Range:pp. 3-16
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
ISSN:1473-5504
Status:Published
Keywords:astrobiology, exposure facility, external platform, International Space Station (ISS), space mission, space parameters
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie
Location: Köln-Porz , Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:17 Sep 2014 11:41
Last Modified:10 Nov 2015 09:26

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