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Salt-dependent chemotaxis of macrophages

Müller, Silke (2014) Salt-dependent chemotaxis of macrophages. Dissertation, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn.

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Abstract

Macrophages exert a prominent function in immune system host defense, but in the recent years increasing evidence emerged that these cells are in addition potent regulators of salt balance. At the outset, this work was based on previous findings that had demonstrated an accumulation of macrophages in the skin tissue of rats, which had been fed on a high salt diet. The question arose whether this was possibly due to a chemotactic response of the macrophages to the hypertonic environment of skin that had sequestered high amounts of Na+ to the interstitial glycosaminoglycans. Chemotaxis is an essential process of immune defense to attract immune cells to sites of pathogenic infection. Monocytes/macrophages have been described to recognize many substances among which are chemokines, bacterial components, complement factors and leukotrienes as chemoattractive signals. In contrast, cell migration toward a hypertonic NaCl stimulus, which might represent a potential harmful environment for the cell by causing hypertonic stress, is a completely novel concept. In vitro transwell migration assays revealed that RAW264.7 macrophages, peritoneal macrophages and bone marrow-derived macrophages, but not bone marrow-derived dendritic cells show salt-dependent chemotaxis toward a hypertonic NaCl stimulus. This dose-dependent migration response was specific to hypertonicity by excess NaCl, as it could not be induced by other osmo-active agents like urea or mannitol. Subsequently, the underlying molecular mechanism of salt-dependent chemotaxis was investigated with respect to early and late events in cell migration. Many potential candidates were addressed, demonstrating that a hypertonic NaCl stimulus did not directly affect actin cytoskeleton reorganization and was unable to induce expression of chemoattractive CCL2 or LTB4 in RAW264.7 cells. Furthermore, migration toward excess NaCl was abrogated by the presence of cycloheximide and pertussis toxin, indicating a dependence on protein synthesis and Gαi-coupled GPCRs, respectively. While the osmoprotective transcription factor TonEBP is a central regulator in macrophages for the removal of excess Na+ in the interstitium, it was not required for salt-dependent chemotaxis.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/90527/
Document Type:Thesis (Dissertation)
Title:Salt-dependent chemotaxis of macrophages
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Müller, SilkeGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Biomedical Science Support Center, Gravitational Biology, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2014
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Number of Pages:100
Status:Published
Keywords:Salz- und Flüssigkeitsbalance, Natriumregulation, Haut
Institution:Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
Department:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Biowissenschaftliche Nutzerunterstützung
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Biomedical Research
Deposited By: Duwe, Helmut
Deposited On:16 Sep 2014 09:34
Last Modified:16 Sep 2014 09:34

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