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A Diagnostic Study of the Global Distribution of Contrails, Part II: Future Air Traffic Scenarios

Gierens, K. and Sausen, R. and Schumann, U. (1999) A Diagnostic Study of the Global Distribution of Contrails, Part II: Future Air Traffic Scenarios. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 63, pp. 1-9. DOI: 10.1007/s007040050087

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Official URL: http://www.springer.com/springerwiennewyork/geosciences/journal/704

Abstract

The global distribution of the contrail coverage is computed for several scenarios of aviation in the years 2015 and 2050 and compared to 1992 using meteorological analysis data representative of present temperature and humidity conditions and assuming 0.5% cover in a reference region 30° W–30° E, 35° N–75° N covering parts of western Europe and the North Atlantic. The mean contrail coverage of the Earth is computed to increase by a factor of about three compared to 1992 and to reach 0.25% in 2015. For three different scenarios of aviation and for constant climatic conditions, the global mean contrail coverage reaches values between 0.26% and 0.75% for 2050. Contrail coverage increases more strongly than total fuel burn mainly because of more traffic in the upper troposphere and because of more efficient engines with cooler exhaust. The overall efficiency of propulsion is expected to grow from about 0.3 in the fleet average of 1992, to 0.4 in 2015, and to 0.5 in 2050. The expansion of air traffic makes Canada, Alaska, the North Pacific route from North America to Japan and most of the Asian continent new regions where contrails are expected to cover more than 0.5% on average.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/9039/
Document Type:Article
Title:A Diagnostic Study of the Global Distribution of Contrails, Part II: Future Air Traffic Scenarios
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Gierens, K.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sausen, R.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schumann, U.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:1999
Journal or Publication Title:Theoretical and Applied Climatology
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:63
DOI :10.1007/s007040050087
Page Range:pp. 1-9
Status:Published
Keywords:Kondensstreifen, Luftverkehr, Klimawirkungen
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Wake Vortices (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics
Deposited By: DLR-Beauftragter, elib
Deposited On:24 Jan 2008
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:14

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