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Future design for imperfection sensitive composite launcher structures

Degnhardt, Richard (2014) Future design for imperfection sensitive composite launcher structures. 51th Israel Annual Conference on Aerospace Sciences, 19.-20. Feb. 2014, Tel Aviv.

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The Space industry demand for lighter and cheaper launcher transport systems. The running EU project DESICOS (New Robust DESIgn Guideline for Imperfection Sensitive COmposite Launcher Structures), which started in January 2012, contributes to these aims by a new design approach for imperfection sensitive composite launcher structures, exploiting the worst imperfection more efficiently, by the Single Pertubation Load Approach [1]. Currently, imperfection sensitive shell structures prone to buckling are designed according the NASA SP 8007 guideline using the conservative lower bound curve. The guideline dates from 1968, and the structural behaviour of composite material is not considered appropriately, in particular since the imperfection sensitivity of shells made from such materials depends on the lay-up design. The buckling loads of CFRP structures may vary by a factor of about 3 just by changing the lay-up. This is not considered in the NASA SP 8007, which allows designing only so called "black metal" structures. Here is a high need for a new precise and fast design approach for imperfection sensitive composite structures which allows significant reduction of structural weight and design cost. For most relevant architectures of cylindrical and conical launcher structures (monolithic, sandwich- without and with holes) DESICOS investigates a combined methodology from the Single Perturbation Load Approach and a specific stochastic approach which guarantees an effective and robust design (cf. Figure 1). A recent investigation demonstrated, that an axially loaded unstiffened cylinder, which is disturbed by a large enough single perturbation load, is leading directly to the design buckling load 45% higher compared with the respective NASA SP 8007 design [2]. Within DESICOS the new methods are further developed, validated by tests and summarized in a handbook for the design of imperfection sensitive composite structures. The potential will be demonstrated within different industrially driven use cases. This paper presents the objectives, the main results and first results of the DESICOS project.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/90350/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Future design for imperfection sensitive composite launcher structures
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Degnhardt, RichardDLRUNSPECIFIED
Date:19 February 2014
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Composite structures, Launcher structures, Design, Buckling, Stability, Imperfection Sensitivity
Event Title:51th Israel Annual Conference on Aerospace Sciences
Event Location:Tel Aviv
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:19.-20. Feb. 2014
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transportation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Space Transportation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Raumfahrzeugsysteme - HL-Primärstrukturen für Orbitale Systeme (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems > Structural Mechanics
Deposited By: Degenhardt, Richard
Deposited On:25 Aug 2014 11:15
Last Modified:20 Jun 2021 15:45

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