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Land surface dynamics and environmental challenges of the Niger Delta, Africa: Remote sensing-based analyses spanning three decades (1986-2013)

Künzer, Claudia and Beijima, Sybrand van and Gessner, Ursula and Dech, Stefan (2014) Land surface dynamics and environmental challenges of the Niger Delta, Africa: Remote sensing-based analyses spanning three decades (1986-2013). Applied Geography, 53, pp. 354-368. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.07.002 ISSN 0143-6228

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Abstract

The Niger Delta, the largest river delta on the African continent, is one of the most densely populated river deltas globally and hosts the world's third largest mangrove forest. It is a major biodiversity hot spot of our planet. At the same time the delta is home to Africa's largest oil reserves and responsible for a skyrocketing GDP development of Nigeria since the 1970s. Nigeria ranks 13th among all oil producing countries, but oil exploitation also brought with it severe environmental degradation, leading to the delta's nomination for a place on the top 10 list of the “World's Worst Polluted Places Report” in 2013. Despite the outstanding importance of the region for Nigeria, Africa, and the international community most studies published focus mainly on topics of geology, geochemistry, and environmental toxicology. Studies employing earth observation satellite data to assess Niger Delta dynamics are rare. This paper aims at contributing to an overview of Niger Delta geography and environmental threats and challenges, as well as to an understanding of Niger Delta land surface dynamics from 1986 to 2013. Covering the complete delta, we present results of land cover change analyses, results of an assessment of coastline dynamics, as well as the manifestation of oil exploitation activity as expressed via oil access canal dredging and gas flaring, monitored within the 27 year time span investigated.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/90057/
Document Type:Article
Title:Land surface dynamics and environmental challenges of the Niger Delta, Africa: Remote sensing-based analyses spanning three decades (1986-2013)
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Künzer, ClaudiaClaudia.Kuenzer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Beijima, Sybrand vanSybrand.VanBeijma (at) astrium.eads.netUNSPECIFIED
Gessner, Ursulaursula.gessner (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dech, Stefanstefan.dech (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2014
Journal or Publication Title:Applied Geography
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:53
DOI :10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.07.002
Page Range:pp. 354-368
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0143-6228
Status:Published
Keywords:Niger Delta, Remote sensing, Oil industry, Coastal change, Gas flaring
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Fernerkundung der Landoberfläche (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface
Deposited By: Gessner, Ursula
Deposited On:04 Aug 2014 08:18
Last Modified:30 May 2019 22:05

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