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The Influence of Muscular Action on Bone Strength Via Exercise

Ireland, Alex and Rittweger, Jörn and Degens, Hans (2013) The Influence of Muscular Action on Bone Strength Via Exercise. Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism, 12 (2), pp. 93-102. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s12018-013-9151-4 ISSN 1534-8644

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Abstract

Mechanical stimuli influence bone strength, with internal muscular forces thought to be the greatest stressors of bone. Consequently, the effects of exercise in improving and maintaining bone strength have been explored in a number of interventional studies. These studies demonstrate a positive effect of high-impact activities (i.e. where large muscle forces are produced) on bone strength, with benefits being most pronounced in interventions in early pubertal children. However, current studies have not investigated the forces acting on bones and subsequent deformation, preventing the development of optimised and targeted exercise interventions. Similarly, the effects of number and frequency of exercise repetitions and training sessions on bone accrual are unexplored. There are conflicting results as to gender effects on bone response to exercise, and the effects of age and starting age on the osteogenic effects of exercise are not well known. It also appears that exercise interventions are most effective in physically inactive people or counteracting conditions of disuse such as bed rest. Bone strength is only one component of fracture risk, and it may be that exercise resulting in improvements in, e.g., muscle force/power and/or balance is more effective than those whose effects are solely osteogenic. In summary, exercise is likely to be an effective tool in maintaining bone strength but current interventions are far from optimal.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/89461/
Document Type:Article
Title:The Influence of Muscular Action on Bone Strength Via Exercise
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Ireland, AlexManchester Metropolitan University, a.ireland (at) mmu.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Rittweger, JörnGerman Aerospace Centre, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, joern.rittweger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Degens, HansManchester Metropolitan UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Date:13 December 2013
Journal or Publication Title:Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:12
DOI :10.1007/s12018-013-9151-4
Page Range:pp. 93-102
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1534-8644
Status:Published
Keywords:Bone, BMD, Muscle, Exercise, Osteoporosis
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Integrative Studien (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Space Physiology
Deposited By: Becker, Christine
Deposited On:28 Oct 2014 12:23
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:36

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