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Evaluation of ORC processes and their implementation in solar thermal DSG plants

Degli Esposti, Dalma (2014) Evaluation of ORC processes and their implementation in solar thermal DSG plants. Master's, Politecnico di Milano.

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Abstract

Abstract In recent years Direct Steam Generation (DSG) systems using water have been developed as an alternative to state-of-the-art parabolic trough plants with thermal oil. After a comprehensive research, first commercial DSG plants have already been realized. Organic Rankine Cycles (ORC) that have been widely used for electricity production with low-temperature heat (e.g. geothermal energy) are also suited for the implementation in solar thermal power plants. To the knowledge of the author, no previous research has been dedicated to the investigation of direct steam generation of an organic compound. The aim of this work is the evaluation of ORC processes that are promising for this application. Firstly, a deep analysis for finding the most suitable fluids for DSG was conducted. Particular interest was set on high-temperature applications and supercritical processes in order to value the best configuration. After defining two possible process layouts with siloxanes (a saturated cycle with octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane D4 and a supercritical cycle with hexamethyldisiloxane MM), a possible integration with a thermal storage system was investigated, focusing on the state-of-the-art indirect two-tank system. The feasibility of the charging and discharging processes of the storage system together with the performances of the whole plant system was assessed for both chosen configurations.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/89191/
Document Type:Thesis (Master's)
Title:Evaluation of ORC processes and their implementation in solar thermal DSG plants
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Degli Esposti, DalmaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:April 2014
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Number of Pages:124
Status:Published
Keywords:Keywords: Concentrated solar power plant (CSP); Organic Rankine cycle (ORC); direct steam generation (DSG); siloxanes
Institution:Politecnico di Milano
Department:Scuola di Ingegneria Industriale e dell’Informazione
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:Concentrating Solar Systems (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SF - Solar research
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Linienfokussierende Systeme (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Linienfokussierende Systeme
Deposited By: Schenk, Heiko
Deposited On:06 Aug 2014 11:15
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:46

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