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A space weather index for the radiation field at aviation altitudes

Meier, Matthias M. and Matthiä, Daniel (2014) A space weather index for the radiation field at aviation altitudes. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 4 (A13), pp. 1-5. EDP Sciences. DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2014010 ISSN 2115-7251

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/swsc/2014010


The additional dose contribution to the radiation exposure at aviation altitudes during Solar Particle Events (SPEs) has been a matter of concern for many years. After the Halloween storms in 2003 several airlines began to implement mitigation measures such as rerouting and lowering flight altitudes in response to alerts on the NOAA S-scale regarding solar radiation storms. These alerts are based on the integral proton flux above 10 MeV measured aboard the corresponding GOES-satellite which is operated outside the Earth’s atmosphere in a geosynchronous orbit. This integral proton flux has, however, been proved to be an insufficient parameter to apply to the radiation field at aviation altitudes without an accompanying analysis of the shape of the energy spectrum. Consequently, false alarms and corresponding disproportionate reactions ensued. Since mitigating measures can be quite cost-intensive, there has been a demand for appropriate space weather information among responsible airline managers for about a decade. Against this background, we propose the introduction of a new Space Weather index D, based on dose rates at aviation altitudes produced by solar protons during solar radiation storms, as the relevant parameter for the assessment of corresponding radiation exposure. The Space Weather index D is a natural number given by a graduated table of ranges of dose rates in ascending order which is derived by an equation depending on the dose rate of solar protons.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/89048/
Document Type:Article
Title:A space weather index for the radiation field at aviation altitudes
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Meier, Matthias M.German Aerospace Center, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Linder Höhe, 51147 Köln, Germany; Matthias.Meier (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Matthiä, DanielGerman Aerospace Center, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Linder Höhe, 51147 Köln, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1051/swsc/2014010
Page Range:pp. 1-5
Publisher:EDP Sciences
Keywords:solar particle events, aviation, radiation exposure of aircrew, space weather index
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:11 Jun 2014 09:05
Last Modified:21 Oct 2015 12:25

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