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High-Thrust in-Space Liquid Propulsion Stage: Storable Propellants

Dumont, Etienne and Kopp, Alexander and Ludwig, Carina and Garbers, Nicole (2014) High-Thrust in-Space Liquid Propulsion Stage: Storable Propellants. Space Propulsion 2014, 19.-22. Mai 2014, Köln, Deutschland.

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Abstract

In the frame of a project funded by ESA, a consortium led by Avio in cooperation with Snecma, Cira, and DLR is performing the preliminary design of a High-Thrust in-Space Liquid Propulsion Stage for two different types of manned missions beyond Earth orbit. For these missions, one or two 100 ton stages are to be used to propel a manned vehicle. Three different propellant combinations; LOx/LH2, LOx/CH4 and MON-3/MMH are being compared. The preliminary design of the storable variant (MON-3/MMH) has been performed by DLR. The Aestus II engine with a large nozzle expansion ratio has been chosen as baseline. A first iteration has demonstrated, that it indeed provides the best performance for the storable propellant combination, when considering all engines available today or which may be available in a short- to medium term. The RD-861 K engine has been proposed as alternative to reduce the development duration of the high-thrust stage. Structure analyses and optimisations have converged towards a common bulkhead architecture with a Whipple shield, similar to the one used on the ATV, to protect the main propellant tanks against perforations caused by meteoroids and space debris. The propulsion system has been built around six Aestus II engines equipped with TVC and placed on a circular engine thrust frame. The RCS, the thermal system, and the power system have also been included in the preliminary design, and they have been sized for the most demanding mission. The performance of the high-thrust stage, resulting from the preliminary design, has been assessed for both missions taken into consideration.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/89043/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:High-Thrust in-Space Liquid Propulsion Stage: Storable Propellants
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Dumont, EtienneEtienne.Dumont (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4618-0572
Kopp, Alexanderalexander.kopp (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ludwig, Carinacarina.ludwig (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Garbers, Nicolenicole.garbers (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:21 May 2014
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:high-thrust, storable propellants, Aestus II, manned mission, stage, preliminary design
Event Title:Space Propulsion 2014
Event Location:Köln, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:19.-22. Mai 2014
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transport
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Raumfahrzeugsysteme - Systemanalyse Raumtransport
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Space Launcher Systems Analysis
Deposited By: Dumont, Etienne
Deposited On:10 Jun 2014 11:05
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:46

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