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A Data Mining Approach to Post Disaster Assessment of 2008 Floods in Romania

Faur, Daniela and Espinoza-Molina, Daniela and Datcu, Mihai (2013) A Data Mining Approach to Post Disaster Assessment of 2008 Floods in Romania. In: Proceeding of Big Data from Space. ESA. Big Data from Space, 5.-6. June 2013, Frascati, Italy.

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Abstract

This paper demonstrates the performance of a rapid mapping kind of approach considering knowledge discovery from Earth Observation images, to provide information support during response and immediate post-response by delivering products emphasizing the extent and impact of the event, by event understanding any type of natural or man made disaster. Knowledge discovery from Earth Observation images implies mapping low level descriptors (primitive features) extracted from the image into semantic classes in order to provide an interactive method for effective image information mining. In the frame of information theory a communication channel is considered between remote sensing imagery and the user who receive existing information in the data sources, coded as image semantic content. This channel has three components - Data Source Model Generation, Query and Data Mining. Data Source Model Generation uses image content analysis to generate a set of scene’s content descriptors. Further, the Query component involves the user and performs an image retrieval based on image content as query parameter. The query component relies on the Support Vector Machine classifier which is able to group descriptors into relevant semantic classes. The classifier supports rapid mapping scenarios and interactive mapping. The proposed concept is illustrated analyzing Earth Observation images acquired post (SPOT 4 and TerraSAR-X) floods disaster in Romania at the end of July 2008. Hundreds of towns and villages were affected and more than 20,000 people evacuated. The northeastern region of Romania was declared back then national disaster area. The results includes potentially flood affected areas detected on 28 of July, detailed semantic classes for rapid mapping and a quantitative evaluation of damages. A validation procedure is considered, taking into account rapid mapping products delivered by Romanian Space Agency (ROSA) and SERTIT (SErvice Régional de Traitementd'Image et de Télédétection).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/88794/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:A Data Mining Approach to Post Disaster Assessment of 2008 Floods in Romania
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Faur, DanielaUniversity Politehnica BucharestUNSPECIFIED
Espinoza-Molina, Danieladaniela.espinozamolina (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Datcu, MihaiMihai.Datcu (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Journal or Publication Title:Proceeding of Big Data from Space
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Editors:
EditorsEmail
UNSPECIFIEDESA
Publisher:ESA
Status:Published
Keywords:Data mining approach, post disaster assessment, floods, Romania
Event Title:Big Data from Space
Event Location:Frascati, Italy
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:5.-6. June 2013
Organizer:ESA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben hochauflösende Fernerkundungsverfahren
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Photogrammetry and Image Analysis
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:11 Apr 2014 13:25
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:45

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