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The Last-Mile Evacuation project: A multi-disciplinary to evacuation planning and risk reduction in tsunami-threatened coastal areas

Goseberg, Nils and Lämmel, Gregor and Taubenböck, Hannes and Setiadi, Neysa and Birkmann, Jörn and Schlurmann, Torsten (2014) The Last-Mile Evacuation project: A multi-disciplinary to evacuation planning and risk reduction in tsunami-threatened coastal areas. In: Early Warning for Geological Disasters - Scientific Methods and Current Practice Advanced Technologies in Earth Sciences (XV). Springer. pp. 207-226. ISBN 978-3-642-12232-3.

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Official URL: http://www.springer.com/earth+sciences+and+geography/geophysics/book/978-3-642-12232-3


In view of recent tragic and disastrous tsunami events such as the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004 or the Tohoku-Oki tsunami in 2011 it is still indispensable to aim at deepening our insight into the mechanisms which turn natural disasters into life-changing events for those individuals living at regions at risk. In this context risk mitigation on the basis of wellimplemented early warning systems is inevitable to reduce human losses and to pave the way for specific measures on disaster recovery. A possible work chain to assess this complex objective is exemplified by the interdisciplinary “Last-Mile Evacuation project” which focused on the city of Padang, Indonesia. This city is one of the cities worldwide most imperiled by tsunamis since it is located in the direct neighborhood to the Sunda arc with an average warning time below 30 minutes. The work chain presented in the present paper comprises the generation and compilation of the underlying geo data basis, the simulation of hydrodynamics, the assessment of physical vulnerability using remote sensing data and techniques, the assessment of social vulnerability related with people´s exposure, risk perception, and evacuation behavior, and the modeling of potential evacuation routes. While the main focus of the original project was on city-wide risk assessment, the focal point of this study is a close-up view of the micro-scale dynamics of inundation and evacuation on urban district level. The existing situation and urban setting is subsequently compared with alternative shelter options. Additionally, qualitative information on social aspects to be considered in developing appropriate mitigation options is outlined. It is anticipated to communicate best-practice knowledge on how to approach the assessment of tsunami hazard with potential overlapping areas to other natural disasters.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/88703/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:The Last-Mile Evacuation project: A multi-disciplinary to evacuation planning and risk reduction in tsunami-threatened coastal areas
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Goseberg, NilsFranzius Institut for Hydraulic, Waterways and Coastal Engineering – Leibniz University HannoverUNSPECIFIED
Lämmel, GregorTransport Systems Planning and Transport Telematics, Institute for Land and Sea Transport Systems Faculty V – Department of transport and mechanical engineering, Technical University of BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Taubenböck, Hanneshannes.taubenboeck (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Setiadi, NeysaUnited Nations University; Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS); BoUNSPECIFIED
Birkmann, JörnUnited Nations University - Institute for Environment and Human SecurityUNSPECIFIED
Schlurmann, TorstenFranzius-Institute for Hydraulic, Waterways and Coastal Engineering Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodetic Science, Leibniz University HannoverUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Early Warning for Geological Disasters - Scientific Methods and Current Practice
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 207-226
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Series Name:Advanced Technologies in Earth Sciences
Keywords:Tsunami, Risk, Vulnerability, Remote Sensing, Exposure, Early-Warning, Social
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Zivile Kriseninformation und Georisiken (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Geo Risks and Civil Security
Deposited By: Taubenböck, Dr. Hannes
Deposited On:15 Apr 2014 13:29
Last Modified:15 Apr 2014 13:29

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