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On the use of a steerable main landing gear for crosswind landing assistance

Vechtel, Dennis and Meissner, Uta Marita and Hahn, Klaus-Uwe (2014) On the use of a steerable main landing gear for crosswind landing assistance. CEAS Aeronautical Journal. Springer. doi: 10.1007/s13272-014-0107-2. ISSN 1869-5582.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13272-014-0107-2


Several crosswind-related incidents show that landing under heavy crosswind conditions can be challenging for pilots and may pose a threat to aviation or at least lead to higher pilot workload and/or irregularities in operations. For transport aircraft the common approach technique for crosswind landings is the so-called crabbed approach with wings level and a windward heading correction. This technique requires alignment of the aircraft with the runway prior to touchdown in order to keep lateral loads of the landing gear and tyres as low as possible and to maintain the controllability on ground after touchdown. The German Aerospace Center Institute of Flight Systems has used the idea of steerable main gears and developed a crosswind landing assistance system. During approach all gear struts are automatically aligned with the runway so that no decrab manoeuvre is required. On ground the assistance system uses each steerable landing gear, differential braking, and the aerodynamic control surfaces to control and stabilise the aircraft. After touchdown the aircraft is automatically aligned with the runway centreline and the still existing crab angle is slowly reduced. A simulator study with pilots in the loop using a model of a typical medium range transport aircraft was conducted in order to evaluate the benefits of such a landing technique. The study revealed that not only the aircraft controllability could be improved by landing in crabbed motion under strong crosswind conditions, but that the side forces acting on the landing gear can be reduced significantly as well. It was also shown that the use of steerable main landing gears is able to enlarge the spectrum of autoland operations, which is relatively limited at present in terms of maximum allowable crosswinds. All together the system has shown to be able to improve flight safety, lower the risk of weatherrelated delays due to go-arounds or diversions, and it also reduces structural loads on the landing gear during touchdown and landing.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/88687/
Document Type:Article
Title:On the use of a steerable main landing gear for crosswind landing assistance
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Date:30 March 2014
Journal or Publication Title:CEAS Aeronautical Journal
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.1007/s13272-014-0107-2
Keywords:Crosswind landing, Steerable landing gear, Pilot assistance, Simulator study
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Aircraft Research (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Flight Physics (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Systems > Flight Dynamics and Simulation
Deposited By: Vechtel, Dennis
Deposited On:02 Apr 2014 14:04
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:24

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