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The physical face of slums: a structural comparison of slums in Mumbai, India, based on remotely sensed data

Taubenböck, Hannes and Kraff, Nicolas (2014) The physical face of slums: a structural comparison of slums in Mumbai, India, based on remotely sensed data. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 29 (1), pp. 15-38. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s10901-013-9333-x ISSN 1566-4910

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Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10901-013-9333-x

Abstract

The term ‘‘slum’’ is difficult to define, but if we see one, we know it. Definitions for slums are qualitative such as ‘‘areas of people lacking, for example, durable housing or easy access to safe water’’. This study aims at identifying characteristic physical features of the built environment that allows defining slum areas based on quantitative and measurable parameters. In general, spatial data on slums are generalized, outdated, or even nonexistent. The bird’s eye view of remotely sensed data is capable to provide an independent, area-wide spatial overview, to capture the complex morphological pattern and at the same time capture the large-scale individual objects typical for slums. Using highresolution optical satellite data, parameters such as building density, building heights, and sizes are used to differentiate between slums and formal settlements. From it, the physical features are used to analyze structural homogeneity and heterogeneities within and across slums and to suggest characteristic physical features for spatial slum delineation at three study sites in Mumbai, India.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/88268/
Document Type:Article
Title:The physical face of slums: a structural comparison of slums in Mumbai, India, based on remotely sensed data
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Taubenböck, Hanneshannes.taubenboeck (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kraff, NicolasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:March 2014
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Housing and the Built Environment
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:29
DOI :10.1007/s10901-013-9333-x
Page Range:pp. 15-38
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1566-4910
Status:Published
Keywords:Slum, (In)formal settlement, Remote sensing, Structural urban analysis, Spatial metrics, Mumbai
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Zivile Kriseninformation und Georisiken (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Geo Risks and Civil Security
Deposited By: Taubenböck, Dr. Hannes
Deposited On:18 Feb 2014 13:17
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:30

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