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Interaction design of automatic steering for collision avoidance: challenges and potentials of driver decoupling

Heesen, Matthias and Dziennus, Marc and Hesse, Tobias and Schieben, Anna and Brunken, Claas and Löper, Christian and Kelsch, Johann and Baumann, Martin (2014) Interaction design of automatic steering for collision avoidance: challenges and potentials of driver decoupling. IET Intelligent Transport Systems. Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET). ISSN 1751-956X

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Abstract

Studies concerning collision avoidance show that most drivers tend to brake, even if evasive manoeuvres were better. Automatic steering for collision avoidance would help here. Studies in the EU project interactIVe observed that drivers show a tendency to hold the steering wheel and disturb the automatic steering when kept in the control loop. A strategy of driver decoupling e.g. by means of steer-by-wire systems could improve the automatic steering performance. However, the major challenge of using steer-by-wire systems is to enable the driver to compensate false system activation, e.g. evasion into oncoming traffic. A time dependent strategy of driver decoupling using steer-by-wire combined with override recognition by counter steering above a certain threshold was implemented in a research vehicle. The interaction strategy was tested with 45 participants on a test track in two different scenarios; a collision situation with justified evasion and a false alert scenario with unjustified system activation. In a between-subject design the decoupling strategy (using steer-by-wire) was compared against automatic steering with fully coupled driver and force feedback on the steering wheel and against Manual Driving without automatic steering. When the driver was temporarily decoupled, the obstacle avoidance performance was better but the driver was less able to counteract a false avoidance manoeuvre. The analysis of driver behaviour revealed options to improve the interaction strategy.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/88259/
Document Type:Article
Title:Interaction design of automatic steering for collision avoidance: challenges and potentials of driver decoupling
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Heesen, Matthiasmatthias.heesen (at) fkie.fraunhofer.deUNSPECIFIED
Dziennus, MarcMarc.Dziennus (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hesse, TobiasInstitut für VerkehrssystemtechnikUNSPECIFIED
Schieben, Annaanna.schieben (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Brunken, Claasclaas.brunken (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Löper, Christianchristian.loeper (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kelsch, Johannjohann.kelsch (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Baumann, Martinmartin.baumann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2014
Journal or Publication Title:IET Intelligent Transport Systems
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Publisher:Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET)
ISSN:1751-956X
Status:Accepted
Keywords:Collision avoidance, Interaction design, Automatic steering, Driver decoupling, Human Factors
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Project Fahrzeugintelligenz und Fahrwerk (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems
Deposited By: Dziennus, Marc
Deposited On:17 Feb 2014 08:46
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:19

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