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A methodology to compensate for individual differences in psychophysiological assessment

Johannes, Bernd and Gaillard, Anthony W. K. (2014) A methodology to compensate for individual differences in psychophysiological assessment. Biological Psychology, 96, pp. 77-85. Elsevier. ISSN 0301-0511

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.11.004

Abstract

The main methodological drawback to use physiological measures as indicators of arousal is the large interindividual variability of autonomic responses hindering the direct comparability between individuals. The present methodology has been tested in two cohorts (n1 = 910, n2 = 845) of pilot applicants during a selection procedure. Physiological data were obtained during two mentally demanding tasks and during a Flight Simulator Test. Five typical Autonomic Response Patterns (ARP) were identified by cluster analyses. Autonomic spaces were constructed separately for each group of subjects having the same typical ARP, on the basis of their normalized eigenvectors. The length of the vector sum of scores on autonomic space dimensions provided an integral index for arousal, labeled Psychophysiological Arousal Value (PAV). The PAV still reflected the changes in mental load during the tests, but equalized physiological differences among ARP-groups. The results obtained in the first cohort were verified in the second cohort.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/88132/
Document Type:Article
Title:A methodology to compensate for individual differences in psychophysiological assessment
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Johannes, Berndbernd.johannes (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Gaillard, Anthony W. K.TNO SoesterbergUNSPECIFIED
Date:February 2014
Journal or Publication Title:Biological Psychology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:96
Page Range:pp. 77-85
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0301-0511
Status:Published
Keywords:individual differences, autonomic response pattern, autonomic space, heart rate, pulse transit time, skin conductance, finger temperature, pattern-specific integration
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Weltraumpsychologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Space Physiology
Deposited By: Johannes, Bernd Wolfgang
Deposited On:11 Feb 2014 11:07
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:45

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