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Complementary approaches to assess the crewmembers' behavioral profiles during Mars-500 experiment

Tafforin, Carole and Johannes, Bernd (2013) Complementary approaches to assess the crewmembers' behavioral profiles during Mars-500 experiment. 19th Human in Space Symposium, 8.-12.July 2013, Cologne, Deutschland. (Unpublished)

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The Mars-500 facilities provided the unique opportunity to emphasize these behavioral issues and to assess them in complementary approaches: ethological observations using video recordings and a Wireless Group Structure (WLGS) tool using radio satellites. The observational tool is a quantitative description of actions and interactions, e.g. visual interactions, object interactions and body interactions between the subjects (duration of occurrence). The WLGS tool measures the time spent together for two subjects (crew cohesion time). The common features are objective assessments. The protocols of data collection on each subject (n=6) were coordinated on the Mars-500 experiment timeline, once per two weeks, on Tuesday. The video recording was made during a collective activity, at breakfast time. The WLGS monitoring was made over 18 day hours. The ethological results showed different behavioral profiles per subject and according to the mission day with an emphasis on longer visual interactions than object and body interactions, and low or high durations of collective activity. Correlations with the crew cohesion time complement the findings, underlie the individual differences and reinforce the social relationships changes observed over the mission.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/88128/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Complementary approaches to assess the crewmembers' behavioral profiles during Mars-500 experiment
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Tafforin, Caroleethospace (at) orange.frUNSPECIFIED
Johannes, Berndbernd.johannes (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Crew dynamic monitoring, comparison of methods, long-term isolation
Event Title:19th Human in Space Symposium
Event Location:Cologne, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:8.-12.July 2013
Organizer:IAA / DLR
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - no assignment
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Space Physiology
Deposited By: Johannes, Bernd Wolfgang
Deposited On:14 Feb 2014 10:25
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:45

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