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The ESA Climate Change Initiative: satellite data records for essential climate variables

Hollmann, Rainer and Merchant, C. and Saunders, R. and Downy, C. and Buchwith, M. and Cazenave, A. and Chuvieco, E. and Defourny, P. and de Leeuw, Gerrit and Forsberg, R. and Holzer-Popp, Thomas and Paul, F. and Sadven, S. and Sathyendranath, S. and van Roozendael, M. and Wagner, W. (2013) The ESA Climate Change Initiative: satellite data records for essential climate variables. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 11, pp. 1541-1552. American Meteorological Society. DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00254.1 ISSN 0003-0007

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Abstract

Observations of the Earth from space have been made for over 40 years and have contributed to advances in many aspects of climate science. However, attempts to exploit this wealth of data are often hampered by a lack of homogeneity 30 and continuity, and by insufficient understanding of the products and their uncertainties. There is, therefore, a need to reassess and reprocess satellite datasets to maximise their usefulness for climate science. The European Space Agency (ESA) has responded to this need by establishing the Climate Change Initiative (CCI). The CCI will create new climate data records for (currently) thirteen essential climate variables (ECVs) and make these open and easily accessible to all. Each ECV project works closely with users to produce time series from the available satellite observations relevant to users’ needs. A Climate Modelling Users’ Group provides a climate system perspective and a forum to bring the data and modelling communities together. This paper presents the CCI programme. It outlines its benefit and presents approaches and challenges for each ECV project, covering clouds, aerosols, ozone, greenhouse gases, sea surface temperature, ocean colour, sea level, sea ice, land cover, fire, glaciers, soil moisture and ice sheets. It also discusses how the CCI approach may contribute to defining and shaping future developments in Earth observation for climate science.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/88101/
Document Type:Article
Title:The ESA Climate Change Initiative: satellite data records for essential climate variables
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Hollmann, Rainerrainer.hollmann (at) dwd.deUNSPECIFIED
Merchant, C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Saunders, R.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Downy, C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Buchwith, M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cazenave, A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Chuvieco, E.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Defourny, P.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
de Leeuw, GerritFMIUNSPECIFIED
Forsberg, R.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Holzer-Popp, Thomasthomas.holzer-popp (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Paul, F.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sadven, S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sathyendranath, S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
van Roozendael, M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wagner, W.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Journal or Publication Title:Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:11
DOI :10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00254.1
Page Range:pp. 1541-1552
Publisher:American Meteorological Society
ISSN:0003-0007
Status:Published
Keywords:ESA Climate Change Initiative, essential climate variables
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Datenprodukte für Klima- und Atmosphärenanwendungen (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center
Deposited By: Popp, Dr.rer.nat Thomas
Deposited On:07 Feb 2014 10:36
Last Modified:30 May 2019 22:05

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