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:enviFuge - A novel approach for space medicine and life science experiments - research under conditions of artificial gravity (AG) and hyper-g conditions for applications in space and on earth

Zander, Vanja and Frett, Timo and Mayrhofer, Michael and Schwandtner, Johann and Latsch, Joachim (2013) :enviFuge - A novel approach for space medicine and life science experiments - research under conditions of artificial gravity (AG) and hyper-g conditions for applications in space and on earth. In: Proceedings of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. AIAA Meeting Papers. AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies (MST) Conference, 19.-22. Aug. 2013, Boston, USA.

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Official URL: http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/book/10.2514/MMST13

Abstract

The application of AG generated by short diameter centrifuges has been proposed by a number of scientists and space agencies as a countermeasure against microgravity induced physiological degradation during long-term space missions, e.g. to Mars. The major objective of :enviFuge is to obtain extensive knowledge of hypergravity effects on the cardiovascular system, the cardio-vegetative regulation, the orthostatic regulation and other physiological systems. Therefore a unique research and training device, the :enviFuge, has been defined by DLR and developed by AMST Systemtechnik GmbH, and is located at DLR’s brand-new :envihab in Cologne. Operation of this multi-purpose research and training centrifuge started in the middle of 2013. :enviFuge features multiple research capabilities, including passive spinning, several kinds of locomotion exercises and ergometric training. Up to four subjects may be tested in parallel – each of them may perform different research relevant tasks and may be additionally and individually exposed to g-loads during a run. Scientists and physicians will have the unique opportunity to perform remotely controlled medical ultrasonics and highly advanced motion capturing, including precise body kinematics and kinetics tracking, during centrifugation. The outstanding modular design of :enviFuge provides easy and highly flexible possibilities for adaptation in future research applications. An important issue that will be considered during assessments on :enviFuge is the significant gravity gradient in the head-to-toe axis, which may be the cause for a number of unexpected physiological side effects within the human body during application of AG. Heart Rate Variability (HRV) measurement can be considered as a promising method for medical control and monitoring during centrifugation sessions. Especially the g-load should be adapted to the patterns of HRV, since this method offers a profound insight into cardiovascular and neurovegetative regulation. Besides applications of AG in the field of space exploration, short diameter centrifuges such as :enviFuge will be beneficial in other scientific disciplines, such as sports medicine and rehabilitation or therapy of immobilized patients.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/88071/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title::enviFuge - A novel approach for space medicine and life science experiments - research under conditions of artificial gravity (AG) and hyper-g conditions for applications in space and on earth
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Zander, VanjaGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Frett, TimoGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Biomedical Science Support Center, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Mayrhofer, MichaelAMST-Systemtechnik GmbH, Research & development, Lamprechtshausener Straße 63, 5282 Ranshofen, AustriaUNSPECIFIED
Schwandtner, JohannAMST-Systemtechnik GmbH, Research & development, Lamprechtshausener Straße 63, 5282 Ranshofen, AustriaUNSPECIFIED
Latsch, JoachimGerman Sport University Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Editors:
EditorsEmail
UNSPECIFIEDAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Publisher:AIAA Meeting Papers
Status:Published
Keywords:centrifuge, hyper-g, cardiovascular system, countermeasure, artificial gravity
Event Title:AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies (MST) Conference
Event Location:Boston, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:19.-22. Aug. 2013
Organizer:American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt :envihab
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Biomedical Science Support Center
Deposited By: Anken, Ralf
Deposited On:14 Feb 2014 10:19
Last Modified:08 May 2014 23:27

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