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LEMUR: Large European module for solar Ultraviolet Research. European contribution to JAXA's Solar-C mission

Teriaca, Luca and Andretta, Vincenzo and Auchère, Frédéric and Brown, Charles M. and Buchlin, Eric and Cauzzi, Gianna and Culhane, J. Len and Curdt, Werner and Davila, Joseph M. and Del Zanna, Giulio and Doschek, George A. and Fineschi, Silvano and Fludra, Andrzej and Gallagher, Peter T. and Green, Lucie and Harra, Louise K. and Imada, Shinsuke and Innes, Davina and Kliem, Bernhard and Korendyke, Clarence and Mariska, John T. and Martínez-Pillet, Valentin and Parenti, Susanna and Patsourakos, Spiros and Peter, Hardi and Poletto, Luca and Rutten, Robert J. and Schühle, Udo and Siemer, Martin and Shimizu, Toshifumi and Socas-Navarro, Hector and Solanki, Sami K. and Spadaro, Daniele and Trujillo-Bueno, Javier and Tsuneta, Saku and Vargas Dominguez, Santiago and Vial, Jean-Claude and Walsh, Robert and Warren, Harry P. and Wiegelmann, Thomas and Winter, Berend and Young, Peter (2012) LEMUR: Large European module for solar Ultraviolet Research. European contribution to JAXA's Solar-C mission. Experimental Astronomy, 34 (2), pp. 273-309. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s10686-011-9274-x ISBN 2012ExA....34..273T ISSN 0922-6435

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Abstract

The solar outer atmosphere is an extremely dynamic environment characterized by the continuous interplay between the plasma and the magnetic field that generates and permeates it. Such interactions play a fundamental role in hugely diverse astrophysical systems, but occur at scales that cannot be studied outside the solar system. Understanding this complex system requires concerted, simultaneous solar observations from the visible to the vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) and soft X-rays, at high spatial resolution (between 0.1'' and 0.3''), at high temporal resolution (on the order of 10 s, i.e., the time scale of chromospheric dynamics), with a wide temperature coverage (0.01 MK to 20 MK, from the chromosphere to the flaring corona), and the capability of measuring magnetic fields through spectropolarimetry at visible and near-infrared wavelengths. Simultaneous spectroscopic measurements sampling the entire temperature range are particularly important. These requirements are fulfilled by the Japanese Solar-C mission (Plan B), composed of a spacecraft in a geosynchronous orbit with a payload providing a significant improvement of imaging and spectropolarimetric capabilities in the UV, visible, and near-infrared with respect to what is available today and foreseen in the near future. The Large European Module for solar Ultraviolet Research (LEMUR), described in this paper, is a large VUV telescope feeding a scientific payload of high-resolution imaging spectrographs and cameras. LEMUR consists of two major components: a VUV solar telescope with a 30 cm diameter mirror and a focal length of 3.6 m, and a focal-plane package composed of VUV spectrometers covering six carefully chosen wavelength ranges between 170 Å and 1270 Å. The LEMUR slit covers 280'' on the Sun with 0.14'' per pixel sampling. In addition, LEMUR is capable of measuring mass flows velocities (line shifts) down to 2 km s - 1 or better. LEMUR has been proposed to ESA as the European contribution to the Solar C mission.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/88052/
Document Type:Article
Title:LEMUR: Large European module for solar Ultraviolet Research. European contribution to JAXA's Solar-C mission
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Teriaca, LucaMax-Planck-Institut für SonnensystemforschungUNSPECIFIED
Andretta, VincenzoINAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di CapodimonteUNSPECIFIED
Auchère, FrédéricInstitut d’Astrophysique SpatialeUNSPECIFIED
Brown, Charles M.Space Science Division, Naval Research LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Buchlin, EricInstitut d’Astrophysique SpatialeUNSPECIFIED
Cauzzi, GiannaINAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di ArcetriUNSPECIFIED
Culhane, J. LenUCL - Mullard Space Science LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Curdt, WernerMax-Planck-Institut für SonnensystemforschungUNSPECIFIED
Davila, Joseph M.NASA - Goddard Space Flight CenterUNSPECIFIED
Del Zanna, GiulioUniversity of CambridgeUNSPECIFIED
Doschek, George A.Space Science Division, Naval Research LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Fineschi, SilvanoINAF - Osservatorio Astronimico di TorinoUNSPECIFIED
Fludra, AndrzejSTFC Rutherford Appleton laboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Gallagher, Peter T.School of Physics, Trinity College DublinUNSPECIFIED
Green, LucieUCL - Mullard Space Science LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Harra, Louise K.UCL - Mullard Space Science LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Imada, ShinsukeJAXA - Institute of Space and Astronautical ScienceUNSPECIFIED
Innes, DavinaMax-Planck-Institut für SonnensystemforschungUNSPECIFIED
Kliem, BernhardInstitute of Physics and Astronomy, University of PotsdamUNSPECIFIED
Korendyke, ClarenceSpace Science Division, Naval Research LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Mariska, John T.Space Science Division, Naval Research LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Martínez-Pillet, ValentinInstituto de Astrofisica de CanariaUNSPECIFIED
Parenti, SusannaRoyal Observatory of BelgiumUNSPECIFIED
Patsourakos, SpirosUniversity of IoanninaUNSPECIFIED
Peter, HardiMax-Planck-Institut für SonnensystemforschungUNSPECIFIED
Poletto, LucaCNR - Institute of Photonics and NanotechnologiesUNSPECIFIED
Rutten, Robert J.Sterrekundig Instituut UtrechtUNSPECIFIED
Schühle, UdoMax-Planck-Institut für SonnensystemforschungUNSPECIFIED
Siemer, MartinDLR - Institute of Space SystemsUNSPECIFIED
Shimizu, ToshifumiJAXA - Institute of Space and Astronautical ScienceUNSPECIFIED
Socas-Navarro, HectorInstituto de Astrofisica de CanariaUNSPECIFIED
Solanki, Sami K.Max-Planck-Institut für SonnensystemforschungUNSPECIFIED
Spadaro, DanieleINAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di CataniaUNSPECIFIED
Trujillo-Bueno, JavierInstituto de Astrofisica de CanariaUNSPECIFIED
Tsuneta, SakuNational Astronomical Observatory of JapanUNSPECIFIED
Vargas Dominguez, SantiagoUCL - Mullard Space Science LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Vial, Jean-ClaudeInstitut d’Astrophysique SpatialeUNSPECIFIED
Walsh, RobertUniversity of Central LancashireUNSPECIFIED
Warren, Harry P.Space Science Division, Naval Research LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Wiegelmann, ThomasMax-Planck-Institut für SonnensystemforschungUNSPECIFIED
Winter, BerendUCL - Mullard Space Science LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Young, PeterGeorge Mason UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2012
Journal or Publication Title:Experimental Astronomy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:34
DOI :10.1007/s10686-011-9274-x
Page Range:pp. 273-309
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0922-6435
ISBN:2012ExA....34..273T
Status:Published
Keywords:Sun: atmosphere, Space vehicles: instruments, Techniques: spectroscopy, ESA cosmic vision
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - no assignment
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems
Deposited By: Siemer, Martin
Deposited On:06 Feb 2014 11:34
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:25

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