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BIOLAB on the International Space Station (ISS): Facility and Experiments

Schuber, Marianne and Seibt, Dieter and Anken, Ralf (2013) BIOLAB on the International Space Station (ISS): Facility and Experiments. Current Biotechnology. Bentham Science Publishers. ISSN 2211-5501

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Abstract

The BIOLAB is a multi-user facility of the European Space Agency ESA, accommodated in the European COLUMBUS Module of the International Space Station. The BIOLAB flight facility enables biological and biomedical experiments investigating the effects of weightlessness and/or space radiation on microorganisms, cell cultures of various origins, lower organisms and small plants and animals. The proposals for Life Sciences experiments are selected by an ESA peer group. The BIOLAB facility consists of an automated left part and a right part which is manually operated by the astronauts on orbit. The biological and biomedical samples are accommodated in experiment-specific containers, dedicated to each individual experiment. Sample preparation can be performed in the Bioglovebox, storage of biosamples in a cooler/freezer. On-orbit analyses can be performed by means of a microscope. The incubator as the heart piece of BIOLAB includes a life support system and two rotor platforms. Furthermore the video camera system mounted on the rotor platforms enables a regular control of the biosamples via telescience from/to ground. The BIOLAB facility is controlled and monitored by the Microgravity User Support Center (MUSC) as Facility Responsible Center (FRC) at DLR, Cologne, Germany, on behalf of the European Space Agency. MUSC is interfacing with the astronauts on orbit and the partners of the ISS ground segment, space hardware developers and the COLUMBUS Control Center. Main MUSC tasks for BIOLAB are increment preparation, experiment optimization and flight qualification, on-orbit operations via telescience, as well as post-increment evaluation. BIOLAB ground models - complemented by hyper-g and µg simulation devices - are available for experiments. DLR MUSC is supported by the specific expertise of BIOTESC (Lucerne, Switzerland). This review encompasses a description of the BIOLAB facility and exemplarily some experiments hitherto flown.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/88032/
Document Type:Article
Title:BIOLAB on the International Space Station (ISS): Facility and Experiments
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Schuber, MarianneInstitute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Seibt, DieterDLR Department of Space Operations and Astronaut TrainingUNSPECIFIED
Anken, RalfGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Journal or Publication Title:Current Biotechnology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Publisher:Bentham Science Publishers
ISSN:2211-5501
Status:Published
Keywords:cell biology, International Space Station, weightlessness, centrifuge
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Biowissenschaftliche Nutzerunterstützung
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Biomedical Science Support Center
Deposited By: Duwe, Helmut
Deposited On:14 Feb 2014 09:30
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 14:49

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