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Diffusion capacity of the lung in young and old endurance athletes

Degens, Hans and Rittweger, Jörn and Parviainen, T and Timonen, K and Suominen, Harri and Heinonen, Ari and Korhonen, Marko (2013) Diffusion capacity of the lung in young and old endurance athletes. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 34 (12), pp. 1051-1057. Georg Thieme Verlag. DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1345137 ISSN 0172-4622

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Abstract

Lung diffusion capacity (D LCO) declines with age. A significant proportion of older endurance athletes develop exercise-induced hypoxemia (SaO2<95%). We hypothesised that master endurance athletes have a lower D LCO than age-matched non-athletes. We recruited 33 control (16 young; 17 old) and 29 male endurance athletes (13 young; 16 old) during the World Masters Athletics Indoor Championships, 2012 (Jyväskylä, Finland). To measure D LCO the participant exhaled to residual volume and then quickly inhaled to ≥ 90% total lung capacity from a gas source with 0.3% carbon monoxide. The D LCO and transfer coefficient (K CO) were corrected for the actual haemoglobin concentration. Spirometric function was similar in athletes and age-matched controls. D LCO and K CO were 33% and 25% lower in old and young controls, respectively (P<0.001). Although predicted D LCO and K CO were 11%-points higher in athletes than age-matched controls (P<0.001), they were 23% and 16% lower in old athletes than young controls, respectively (P<0.001). D LCO did not correlate with age-graded performance or weekly training hours. The better lung diffusion capacity in male endurance athletes than age-matched controls might be an adaptation to training, self-selection and/or attrition bias. However, the diffusion capacity of the older athlete is lower than that of the young non-athlete.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/87972/
Document Type:Article
Title:Diffusion capacity of the lung in young and old endurance athletes
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Degens, HansManchester Metropolitan UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Rittweger, Jörnjoern.rittweger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Parviainen, TJyväskyä Central HospitalUNSPECIFIED
Timonen, KJyväskyä Central HospitalUNSPECIFIED
Suominen, HarriUniversity of JyväskyäUNSPECIFIED
Heinonen, AriUniversity of JyväskyäUNSPECIFIED
Korhonen, MarkoUniversity of JyväskyäUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Journal or Publication Title:International Journal of Sports Medicine
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:34
DOI :10.1055/s-0033-1345137
Page Range:pp. 1051-1057
Publisher:Georg Thieme Verlag
Series Name:Physiology and Biochemistry
ISSN:0172-4622
Status:Published
Keywords:masther athletes, duffusion capacity, FEV, transfer coefficient
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Systemphysiologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Space Physiology
Deposited By: Becker, Christine
Deposited On:04 Feb 2014 08:55
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:16

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