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New opportunities to expand knowledge about countermeasure development for future long duration space missions and life science experiments using the next generation short arm centrifuge :enviFuge

Frett, Timo and Mayrhofer, Michael and Schwandtner, Johann and Petrat, Guido (2013) New opportunities to expand knowledge about countermeasure development for future long duration space missions and life science experiments using the next generation short arm centrifuge :enviFuge. IAC 2013 – 64th IAC International Astronautical Congress, 23.-27.Sept. 2013, Peking, China.

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Abstract

In 2013, the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Cologne, Germany, commissions their new medical research facility :envihab. The main objective of :envihab is to facilitate highly controlled research into the e�ects of di�erent environmental conditions (e.g. varying ambient air pressure or oxygen content) on humans in long-term studies and the development of appropriate countermeasures and life support systems. One central element of the facility is a new type of short arm centrifuge called :enviFuge. From past experience with a large number of centrifuge experiments DLR and AMST Systemtechnik GmbH have developed a unique research and training device in the �eld of arti�cial gravity. Equipped with the capacity to instantaneously and independently move the four nacelles along the acceleration axis, the centrifuge allows the possibility to perform up to four complex trials simultaneously. The shift of subjects above heart-level on a short arm centrifuge allows unique studies about e.g. the cardiovascular regulation in surroundings with a high gradient of arti�cial gravity. The maximal acceleration is 6g at the foot level, and each nacelle provides enough space for up to 150kg payload, additionally 2 x 100kg equipment can be mounted on the main arm. Standard features of the centrifuge include a 6-camera motion capturing system and two triaxial force plates to study the kinematics of physical exercise (e.g. squatting, jumping, or vibration training) under increased gravity. Cardiovascular training can be performed with passive spinning, or cycle ergometry and imaging procedures like ultrasound examinations can be done remotely by a compliant robotic arm. Dark environments with full audio and video entertainment and medical monitoring including ECG, blood pressure, SpO2 are available for each nacelle. Future projects involving :enviFuge will allow the development and testing of potential countermeasures and training methods against the negative e�ects of weightlessness in space on the human physiology. Long term space mission e.g. to Mars will be bene�t from the development of new training devices as well as handicapped or bed-ridden patients on earth.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/87846/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:New opportunities to expand knowledge about countermeasure development for future long duration space missions and life science experiments using the next generation short arm centrifuge :enviFuge
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Frett, TimoGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Biomedical Science Support Center, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Mayrhofer, MichaelAMST-Systemtechnik GmbH, Research & development, Lamprechtshausener Straße 63, 5282 Ranshofen, AustriaUNSPECIFIED
Schwandtner, JohannAMST-Systemtechnik GmbH, Research & development, Lamprechtshausener Straße 63, 5282 Ranshofen, AustriaUNSPECIFIED
Petrat, GuidoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2013
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Artificial gravity, centrifuge, long term space mission, countermeasure, SAHC
Event Title:IAC 2013 – 64th IAC International Astronautical Congress
Event Location:Peking, China
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:23.-27.Sept. 2013
Organizer:International Academy of Astronautics
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Biowissenschaftliche Nutzerunterstützung
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Biomedical Science Support Center
Deposited By: Frett, Timo
Deposited On:04 Feb 2014 15:31
Last Modified:08 May 2014 23:27

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