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Volatile and Organic Compositions of Sedimentary Rocks in Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars.

Ming, D W and Archer, P D and Glavin, D P and Eigenbrode, J L and Franz, H B and Sutter, B and Brunner, A E and Stern, J C and Freissinet, C and McAdam, A C and Mahaffy, P R and Cabane, M and Coll, P and Campbell, J L and Atreya, S K and Niles, P B and Bell, J F and Bish, D L and Brinckerhoff, W B and Buch, A and Conrad, P G and Des Marais, D J and Ehlmann, B L and Fairén, A G and Farley, K and Flesch, G J and Francois, P and Gellert, R and Grant, J A and Grotzinger, J P and Gupta, S and Herkenhoff, K E and Hurowitz, J A and Leshin, L A and Lewis, K W and McLennan, S M and Miller, K E and Moersch, J and Morris, R V and Navarro-González, R and Pavlov, A A and Perrett, G M and Pradler, I and Squyres, S W and Summons, R E and Steele, A and Stolper, E M and Sumner, D Y and Szopa, C and Teinturier, S and Trainer, M G and Treiman, A H and Vaniman, D T and Vasavada, A R and Webster, C R and Wray, J J and Yingst, R A and the MSL Science Team and DLR Collaborator, Reitz G (2013) Volatile and Organic Compositions of Sedimentary Rocks in Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars. Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). doi: 10.1126/science.1245267. ISSN 0036-8075.

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Abstract

H₂O, CO₂, SO₂, O₂, H₂, H₂S, HCl, chlorinated hydrocarbons, NO and other trace gases were evolved during pyrolysis of two mudstone samples acquired by the Curiosity rover at Yellowknife Bay within Gale crater, Mars. H₂O/OH-bearing phases included 2:1 phyllosilicate(s), bassanite, akaganeite, and amorphous materials. Thermal decomposition of carbonates and combustion of organic materials are candidate sources for the CO₂. Concurrent evolution of O₂ and chlorinated hydrocarbons suggest the presence of oxychlorine phase(s). Sulfides are likely sources for S-bearing species. Higher abundances of chlorinated hydrocarbons in the mudstone compared with Rocknest windblown materials previously analyzed by Curiosity suggest that indigenous martian or meteoritic organic C sources may be preserved in the mudstone; however, the C source for the chlorinated hydrocarbons is not definitively of martian origin.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/87323/
Document Type:Article
Title:Volatile and Organic Compositions of Sedimentary Rocks in Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars.
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Ming, D WAstromaterials Research and Exploration Science Directorate, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058, USA.UNSPECIFIED
Archer, P DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Glavin, D PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Eigenbrode, J LUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Franz, H BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sutter, BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Brunner, A EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Stern, J CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Freissinet, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
McAdam, A CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mahaffy, P RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cabane, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Coll, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Campbell, J LUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Atreya, S KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Niles, P BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bell, J FUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bish, D LUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Brinckerhoff, W BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Buch, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Conrad, P GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Des Marais, D JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ehlmann, B LUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fairén, A GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Farley, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Flesch, G JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Francois, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gellert, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Grant, J AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Grotzinger, J PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gupta, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Herkenhoff, K EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hurowitz, J AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Leshin, L AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lewis, K WUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
McLennan, S MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Miller, K EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Moersch, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Morris, R VUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Navarro-González, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pavlov, A AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Perrett, G MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pradler, IUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Squyres, S WUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Summons, R EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Steele, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Stolper, E MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sumner, D YUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Szopa, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Teinturier, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Trainer, M GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Treiman, A HUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Vaniman, D TUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Vasavada, A RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Webster, C RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wray, J JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Yingst, R A and the MSL Science TeamUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
DLR Collaborator, Reitz GRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Journal or Publication Title:Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1126/science.1245267
Publisher:American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Series Name:Epub ahead of print (in Press)
ISSN:0036-8075
Status:Published
Keywords:Mars, MSL, Curiosity rover, mudstone samples, organic compositions
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben MSL-Radiation (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:23 Jan 2014 09:52
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:50

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