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DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR POWER AND PROPULSION (DIPOP) FISSION NUCLEAR OPTIONS

Blott, Richard and Koppel, Christophe and Valentian, Dominique and Jansen, Frank and Ferrari, Claudio and Bruno, Claudio and Herdrich, Georg and Gabrielli, Roland (2013) DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR POWER AND PROPULSION (DIPOP) FISSION NUCLEAR OPTIONS. 64th International Astronautical Congress 2013, 23.-27- September 2013, Peking, 2013.

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Official URL: http://www.iafastro.org

Abstract

The Disruptive Technologies for Power and Propulsion (DiPoP) Study reviewed advanced space technologies for large interplanetary missions of interest to Europe taking account of European industry capabilities. These included surface power generation, high power instruments, large robotic missions to outer planets, asteroid de ection missions and longer term interplanetary manned missions. The propulsion applications involve high speed increments, generally beyond the capability of chemical propulsion (except if gravitational swing-by can be used). For missions beyond Mars orbit �ssion nuclear energy sources become competitive with solar panels. Both �ssion nuclear thermal (NTP) and nuclear electric propulsion (NEP) were considered. NTP high thrust levels may o�er the only means of asteroid de ection by direct impact following late detection. However with su�cient advanced warning the greater control from NEP relatively low thrust de ection over a period of time is a lower risk option. For NEP two electrical power levels have been considered: 30 kW and 200 kW. The lowest power level (30 kW) is more suited to surface energy source (Moon or Mars manned base) or to relatively small automatic platforms. The 200 kW power level is more suited to heavy robotic missions, including asteroid detection. The public acceptance of these new technologies has been analysed, showing the necessity to provide safe ground testing facilities as well as a mission scenario excluding re-entry of an activated space nuclear reactor.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/87030/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR POWER AND PROPULSION (DIPOP) FISSION NUCLEAR OPTIONS
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Blott, Richardjb (at) space-enterprise-partnerships.comUNSPECIFIED
Koppel, Christophechristophe.koppel (at) kopoos.comUNSPECIFIED
Valentian, Dominiquedominique.valentian (at) wanadoo.frUNSPECIFIED
Jansen, Frankfrank.jansen (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ferrari, Claudioclaudio.ferrari (at) isis-rd.comUNSPECIFIED
Bruno, Claudiobrunoc (at) utrc.utc.comUNSPECIFIED
Herdrich, Georgherdrich (at) irs.uni-stuttgart.deUNSPECIFIED
Gabrielli, Rolandgabrielli (at) irs.uni-stuttgart.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:C4
Status:Accepted
Keywords:disruptive nuclear and non-nuclear propulsion and energy supply for satellites, DiPoP
Event Title:64th International Astronautical Congress 2013
Event Location:Peking, 2013
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:23.-27- September 2013
Organizer:IAC
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transport
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Raumfahrzeugsysteme - Konzepte und Entwurf
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Controlling, Logistics
Deposited By: Jansen, Frank
Deposited On:06 Mar 2014 10:14
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:44

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