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Disruptive Propulsive Technologies for European Space Missions

Koppel, Christophe and Valentin, Dominique and Blott, Richard and Jansen, Frank and Ferrari, Claudio and Bruno, Claudio and Herdrich, Georg and Gabrielli, Roland (2013) Disruptive Propulsive Technologies for European Space Missions. 5TH EUROPEAN CONFERENCE FOR AERONAUTICS AND SPACE SCIENCES (EUCASS), 1.-5.Juli 2013, München, Deutschland.

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Official URL: http://www.eucass2013.de/

Abstract

Advanced space technologies have been reviewed and analysed in view of heavy interplanetary missions of interest for Europe and European industry capabilities. Among the missions of interest: o Heavy robotic missions to outer planets, o Asteroid deflection missions, o Interplanetary manned mission (at longer term). These missions involve high speed increments, generally beyond the capability of chemical propulsion (except if gravitational swing-by can be used). For missions beyond Mars orbit, the fission nuclear energy sources become competitive with solar panels. Two electrical power levels have been considered: 30 kWe and 200 kWe. The lowest power level (30 kWe) is more suited to surface energy source (Moon or Mars manned base) or to relatively small automatic platforms. The 200 kW power level is more suited to heavy robotic missions, including efficient asteroid deflection. Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) has been also considered, especially for asteroid deflection. NTP may be compatible with late detection acting by direct impact. The public acceptance of these new technologies has been analysed, showing the necessity to provide safe ground testing facilities as well as a mission scenario excluding re-entry of an activated space nuclear reactor.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/87019/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Disruptive Propulsive Technologies for European Space Missions
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Koppel, Christophechristophe.koppel (at) kopoos.comUNSPECIFIED
Valentin, Dominiquedominique.valentian (at) wanadoo.frUNSPECIFIED
Blott, Richardrjb (at) space-enterprise-partnerships.comUNSPECIFIED
Jansen, Frankfrank.jansen (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ferrari, Claudioclaudio.ferrari (at) isis-rd.comUNSPECIFIED
Bruno, Claudiobrunoc (at) utrc.utc.comUNSPECIFIED
Herdrich, Georgherdrich (at) irs.uni-stuttgart.deUNSPECIFIED
Gabrielli, Rolandgabrielli (at) irs.uni-stuttgart.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Accepted
Keywords:Nukleare Antriebe, bemannte interplanetare Mission, Asteroidenmission, robotische Mission, DiPoP
Event Title:5TH EUROPEAN CONFERENCE FOR AERONAUTICS AND SPACE SCIENCES (EUCASS)
Event Location:München, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:1.-5.Juli 2013
Organizer:EUCASS
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transport
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Raumfahrzeugsysteme - Konzepte und Entwurf
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Controlling, Logistics
Deposited By: Jansen, Frank
Deposited On:08 Jan 2014 11:16
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:44

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