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Pressure-Wave Studies in the Tunnel-Simulation Facility Göttingen (TSG)

Heine, Daniela and Ehrenfried, Klaus (2013) Pressure-Wave Studies in the Tunnel-Simulation Facility Göttingen (TSG). 15th International Symposium on Aerodynamics, Ventilation and Fire in Tunnels, 2013-09-18 - 2013-09-20, Barcelona, Spain. ISBN 978-1-85598-137-9.

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Official URL: http://www.bhrconferences.com/isavft_15.aspx


When a high-speed train enters a railway tunnel, a complicated system of pressure waves is generated, which comes along with many disadvantages. The abrupt pressure changes lead to loads on the structures of train, tunnel and on the installed equipment of the tunnel. Additionally, the pressure waves can steepen, which can end in the so-called tunnel-boom. The passengers of the high-speed trains are affected by the pressure changes as well. Therefore modern high-speed trains are sealed, but this requires extra weight and thus a higher power consumption. To investigate the pressure wave generation experimentally in model scale the tunnel-simulation facility G\"ottingen (TSG) was built in 2010. It represents a moving-model rig with train models, that can be accelerated up to a velocity of 100m/s. The train velocity can be adjusted stepless by regulating the hydraulic pressure with an accuracy of less than 1%. The facility is equipped with a model tunnel with a length of 10m, which can be easily extended. Experiments were conducted in the new facility with a 1:25-scaled model of the german high-speed train ICE3. The pressure-time history of experiments with and without extended tunnel portal reveals, that the slope of the pressure can be influenced by the shape of the tunnel hood. The first pressure rise begins earlier and the gradient is smaller than without hood. It is further shown, that the pressure gradient can be reduced by about 45% using an extended, vented tunnel portal. The new facility provides the opportunity to study the pressure characteristics while a train passes a tunnel with very high repeatability and reproducibility. The facility allows a realistic investigation of the train-tunnel interaction and of pressure-wave induced forces on trackside objects during the passage of a train.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/86985/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Pressure-Wave Studies in the Tunnel-Simulation Facility Göttingen (TSG)
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Heine, DanielaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7967-5542UNSPECIFIED
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 553-563
Series Name:Conference Proceedings 15th International Symposium on Aerodynamics, Ventilation and Fire in Tunnels
Keywords:high-speed train, pressure waves, train-tunnel passage, Tunnel-Simulations-Anlage (TSG)
Event Title:15th International Symposium on Aerodynamics, Ventilation and Fire in Tunnels
Event Location:Barcelona, Spain
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:18 September 2013
Event End Date:20 September 2013
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Project Next Generation Train II (old)
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Fluid Systems
Deposited By: Micknaus, Ilka
Deposited On:06 Jan 2014 09:22
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 19:53

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