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Combination of Physico-Chemical Life Support Systems with Space Greenhouse Modules: A System Analysis

Zabel, Paul and Schubert, Daniel and Tajmar, Martin (2013) Combination of Physico-Chemical Life Support Systems with Space Greenhouse Modules: A System Analysis. ICES 2013, 14.-18.0.7.2013, Vail, Colorado.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/6.2013-3333

Abstract

The cultivation of higher plants occupies an essential role within bio-regenerative life support systems. It con-tributes to all major functional aspects by closing the different loops in a habitat like food production, CO2 reduction, O2 production, waste recycling and water management. Fresh crops are also expected to have a positive impact towards the crew’s psychological health. Nevertheless, plant cultivation in closed environ-ments is challenging and further research on system, subsystem and crop level is required. The controlling and maintaining of closed environment agriculture systems such as space greenhouse modules is difficult due to lack of buffer capacity, low flexibility concerning varying crew size and eclipse periods, and the absence of backup systems in case of plant and system failures. The addition of physico-chemical (P/C) life support sys-tems (LSS) as an intermediate system between the greenhouse module and the habitat/spacecraft has the po-tential to reduce or even eliminate the mentioned difficulties of greenhouse modules. This paper will investi-gate the potential of combining components of physico-chemical systems with greenhouse modules to increase the readiness of the latter. This would allow the creation of a more efficient life support systems by taking advantage of the experience gained in physico-chemical technologies and the related reliability and heritage of these technologies.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/86750/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Combination of Physico-Chemical Life Support Systems with Space Greenhouse Modules: A System Analysis
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Zabel, PaulPaul.zabel (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schubert, DanielDLR BremenUNSPECIFIED
Tajmar, MartinTU DresdenUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:bio-regenerative life support greenhouse module hybrid life support system
Event Title:ICES 2013
Event Location:Vail, Colorado
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:14.-18.0.7.2013
Organizer:AIAA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Systemanalyse Raumsegment
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > System Analysis Space Segment
Deposited By: Zabel, Paul
Deposited On:09 Jan 2014 12:09
Last Modified:08 May 2014 23:30

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