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Investigation of rechargeable lithium-sulfur batteries by in-situ techniques.

Cañas, Natalia Andrea and Friedrich, K. Andreas and Wagner, Norbert and Pascucci, Brigitta and Hiesgen, Renate (2013) Investigation of rechargeable lithium-sulfur batteries by in-situ techniques. 224th ECS Meeting 2013, 27 Okt. - 1. Nov. 2013, San Francisco, USA.

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Abstract

The lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery is currently of great interest for the research community. This battery promises with its high theoretical capacity (1675 mA h-1) and energy density (2600 Wh kg-1) to be one of the energy storage systems of the future. Impressive advances in capacity improvement and capacity stability have been reported recently, e.g. in [1,2]. Nevertheless, the electrochemical processes and degradation mechanisms of the cells need further investigation as the obtained information is mainly of indirect nature and a confirmation of proposed mechanism is required. In this work, in-situ characterization methods were applied for the characterization of reaction products and changes in the electrode properties. By means of XRD, the formation of reaction products during charging and discharging were monitored in operando [3]. The formation of dilithium sulfide and the recrystallization of sulfur have been semi-quantitatively determined. The electrochemical behavior of the cell was also investigated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) at different depths of discharge and charge; and up to 50 cycles [4]. An electrical circuit is proposed to quantify the impedance contribution of the cell. Changes in the electrolyte resistance and charge transfer resistance due layer formation on the electrode are amongst others the analyzed processes in this research. With these in-situ measurements, a methodology is presented to understand the processes by direct evidence. Furthermore, ex-situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements provide information about changes in the electrical conductivity of the cathode surface. A comparison of their nanoscale electrical, electrochemical, and morphological properties at samples was performed. Morphological studies of the cathodes before and after the electrochemical tests were performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). This work highlights the importance of in-situ studies and the combination of different spectroscopic and microscopic techniques to reveal new insights into the Li-S battery.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/86043/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Investigation of rechargeable lithium-sulfur batteries by in-situ techniques.
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Cañas, Natalia Andreanatalia.canas (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Friedrich, K. Andreasandreas.friedrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wagner, Norbertnorbert.wagner (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Pascucci, BrigittaBrigitta.Pascucci (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hiesgen, Renaterenate.hiesgen (at) hs-esslingen.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:28 October 2013
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:In situ techniques Lithium sulfur batteries
Event Title:224th ECS Meeting 2013
Event Location:San Francisco, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:27 Okt. - 1. Nov. 2013
Organizer:The electrochemical Society
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Efficient Energy Conversion and Use (old)
HGF - Program Themes:Fuel Cells (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E EV - Energy process technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Elektrochemische Prozesse (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Electrochemical Energy Technology
Deposited By: Cañas, Natalia Andrea
Deposited On:16 Dec 2013 14:24
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:43

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