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Calibration of the Dust Impact Monitor DIM onboard Rosetta/Philae

Krüger, Harald and Flanders, Alberto and Arnold , Walter and Fischer, Hans-Herbert and Hirn, Attila and Loose, Alexander and Seidensticker, Klaus and Sperl, Matthias (2013) Calibration of the Dust Impact Monitor DIM onboard Rosetta/Philae. 45th Annaul Meeting der Division for Planetary Sciences, 6.-11. Oktober 2013, Denver, Colorado.

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Abstract

The Rosetta lander spacecraft Philae will land on the nucleus surface of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko in November 2014. Philae is equipped with the Dust Impact Monitor (DIM). DIM is part of the SESAME instrument package onboard Philae (Seidensticker et al., 2007) and employs piezoelectric PZT sensors to detect dust particle impacts. The PZT sensors are mounted on the outer side of a cube, facing in orthogonal directions, this way allowing for the detection of grains approaching normal to the nucleus surface and from two horizontal directions. DIM’s total sensitive area is approximately 70 cm^2. It will measure impacts of sub-millimeter and millimeter sized ice and dust particles that are emitted from the nucleus and transported into the cometary coma by the escaping gas flow. A grain-size dependent fraction of the emitted grains is expected to fall back to the nucleus surface due to gravity. DIM will be able to detect both these components, the backfalling particles as well as the grains hitting the detector on direct trajectories from the surface. With DIM we will be able to measure fluxes, impact directions as well as the speed and size of the impacting cometary particles. We studied the performance of DIM based on impact experiments and compared the measurements with the sensor’s expected theoretical behaviour as derived from Hertz’ theory of elastic impact. We simulated impacts onto the DIM sensor with spherical particles of different materials (steel, glass, ruby, polyethylene), particle radii of 0.5 mm and impact speeds up to 2 m s^-1 (Flandes et al., 2013). Cometary grains on ballistic trajectories will have impact speeds below the escape speed from the nucleus surface (approximately 1.5 m s^-1), thus the impact speeds achievable by our experiments cover the range expected at the comet. Our results show that the signal strength and the contact durations measured with the DIM PZT sensors can be well approximated by Hertz’ contact mechanics. In a dedicated liquid nitrogen-cooled experiment chamber we performed drop experiments with 0.5 mm water ice balls. We also present first results from these drop experiments.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/85762/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Calibration of the Dust Impact Monitor DIM onboard Rosetta/Philae
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Krüger, HaraldMPS LindauUNSPECIFIED
Flanders, AlbertoCiencias Especiales Inst. de Geofisica, MexicoUNSPECIFIED
Arnold , WalterUniv. Saarbrücken, Univ. GöttingenUNSPECIFIED
Fischer, Hans-HerbertDLR-Köln, hans-herbert.fischer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hirn, AttilaMTA, BudapestUNSPECIFIED
Loose, AlexanderMPS LindauUNSPECIFIED
Seidensticker, KlausDLR-Köln, klaus.seidensticker (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sperl, MatthiasDLR-Köln, matthias.sperl (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2013
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Accepted
Keywords:Rosetta Lander
Event Title:45th Annaul Meeting der Division for Planetary Sciences
Event Location:Denver, Colorado
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:6.-11. Oktober 2013
Organizer:American Astronomical Society
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt ROSETTA Lander
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Institute of Materials Physics in Space > Scientific Experiments MP
Deposited By: Herrmann, Astrid
Deposited On:27 Nov 2013 08:36
Last Modified:08 May 2014 23:30

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