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The temporal evolution of three-dimensional lightning parameters and their suitability for thunderstorm tracking and nowcasting

Meyer, Vera and Höller, Hartmut and Betz, Hans-Dieter (2013) The temporal evolution of three-dimensional lightning parameters and their suitability for thunderstorm tracking and nowcasting. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, pp. 5151-5161. Copernicus Publications. DOI: [10.5194/acp-13-5151-2013] ISSN 1680-7316

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Official URL: http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/5151/2013/acp-13-5151-2013.html

Abstract

Total lightning (TL) data have been found to provide valuable information about the internal dynamics of a thunderstorm allowing conclusions about its further development as well as indicating potential of thunderstorm-related severe weather at the ground. This paper investigates electrical discharge correlations of strokes and flashes with respect to the temporal evolution of thunderstorms in case studies as well as by statistical means. The recently developed algorithm li-TRAM (tracking and monitoring of lightning cells, Meyer et al., 2013) has been employed to track and monitor thunderstorms based on three-dimensionally resolved TL data provided as stroke events by the European lightning location network LINET. From statistical investigation of 863 suited thunderstorm life cycles, the cell area turned out to correlate well with (a) the total discharge rate, (b) the in-cloud (IC) discharge rate, and (c) the mean IC discharge height per lightning cell as identified by li-TRAM. All three parameter correlations consistently show an abrupt change in discharge characteristics around a cell area of 170 km2. Statistical investigations supported by the comparison of three case studies – selected to represent a single storm, a multi-cell and a supercell – strongly suggest that the correlation functions include the temporal evolution as well as the storm type. With the help of volumetric radar data, it can also be suggested that the well-defined break observed at 170 km2 marks the region where the transition occurs from short-lived and rather simple structured single storm cells to better organized, more persistent, and more complex structured thunderstorm forms, e.g. multi-cells and supercells. All three storm types experience similar discharge characteristics during their growing and dissipating phases. However, while the poorly organized and short-lived cells preferentially remain small during a short mature phase, mainly the more persistent thunderstorm types develop to sizes above 170 km2 during a pronounced mature stage. At that stage they exhibit on average higher discharge rates at higher altitudes as compared with matured single cells. With the maximum stroke distance set to 10 km and a flash duration set to 1 s, the parameterization functions found for the stroke rate as a function of the cell area have been transformed to a flash rate. The presented study suggests that, with respect to the storm type, stroke and flash correlations can be parameterized. There is also strong evidence that parameterization functions include the time parameter, so that altogether TL stroke information has good potential to pre-estimate the further evolution (nowcast) of a currently observed storm in an object-oriented thunderstorm nowcasting approach.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/85713/
Document Type:Article
Title:The temporal evolution of three-dimensional lightning parameters and their suitability for thunderstorm tracking and nowcasting
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Meyer, VeraDLRUNSPECIFIED
Höller, HartmutDLRUNSPECIFIED
Betz, Hans-DieterLMUUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Journal or Publication Title:Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:13
DOI :[10.5194/acp-13-5151-2013]
Page Range:pp. 5151-5161
Publisher:Copernicus Publications
ISSN:1680-7316
Status:Published
Keywords:Thunderstorm, Lightning, Nowcasting
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Air Traffic and Weather (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Cloud Physics and Traffic Meteorology
Deposited By: Höller, Dr.rer.nat. Hartmut
Deposited On:27 Nov 2013 09:50
Last Modified:02 May 2019 14:04

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