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Next Generation Battery Electrochemistry Analyzed: Towards a Validated Computational Model of the Lithium/Sulfur Cell

Fronczek, David Norman and Choi, Seong E. and Latz, Arnulf and Bessler, Wolfgang G. and Cairns, Elton J. (2013) Next Generation Battery Electrochemistry Analyzed: Towards a Validated Computational Model of the Lithium/Sulfur Cell. In: 224th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society. The Electrochemical Society. 224th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, 28.10. - 02.11.2013, San Francisco, USA.

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Official URL: http://electrochem.org/meetings/biannual/224/download_abstracts/

Abstract

The lithium-sulfur (Li/S) battery is among the most promising next-generation systems for electrochemical energy storage and recent advances have brought the Li/S battery even closer to the verge of commercialization [1]. The complex redox chemistry of sulfur, the large number of soluble intermediates and the dissolution and precipitation of solid phases, however, still present a major challenge to understanding and mastering Li/S electrochemistry. The goal of this work is to contribute to the understanding of the Li/S battery and its limitations by investigating the internal state of a battery by experimental observations and simulations with a physically-based electrochemical model of the Li/S cell. The computational model used for this work is based on our recently published model [2] of the Li/S cell including a multi-step reaction mechanism, a detailed model of the evolution of solid phases [3] as well as multi-component (Li+, PF6-, S8, S82-, S62-, S42-, S22-, S2-) mass and charge transport. To parameterize and refine the model, experimental data were obtained from Li/S coin cells operated under various conditions. The cells used for this study are composed of Li metal anodes, an ionic liquid based electrolyte and positive electrodes made from a carbon/binder/lithium sulfide composite, cf. Ref. [4]. As a first step, they were further optimized by substituting some of the conductive carbon with more effective components and by modifying the electrolyte composition. The techniques used for data collection include electro-chemical methods, i.e. short and long term cycling at different charge/discharge rates, cyclic voltammetry, im-pedance spectroscopy (also during cycling) as well as ex situ methods, e.g. SEM imaging at various states of charge and states of health. Along with prior knowledge about the materials used and the geometrical properties of the cells, these data were used to determine all parameters required for the model. Using the refined model, most experimental results can be reproduced with good agreement. Validated in such a way, the model is used to simulate properties of the Li/S cell that are not easily accessible by experiments, e.g. li-thium and polysulfide concentration gradients within the electrolyte and electrode volume expansion during cyc-ling. Results include simulations of charge/ discharge curves and electrochemical impedance spectra [5] as well as mass distribution and concentration profiles. The results confirm that the discharge behavior for the most com-mon type of Li/S cell is governed by the presence of solid reactant and product phases in exchange with the dis-solved sulfur poly-anions. The first and second discharge stages are characterized by the presence of solid S8 and Li2S, respectively, while all sulfur compounds are dissolved in the electrolyte during an intermediate stage. Simulated electrochemical impedance spectra indicate that the contributions of various processes to the cell's overpotential are significantly different for different stages of charge. These and other findings help to understand what is happening in the cell during operation, which in turn helps to identify optimized operation conditions and improve cell design on the electrode and material level. References [1] M.-K. Song, E. J. Cairns, Y. Zhang, Nanoscale, 5 (2013) 2186–2204 [2] D. N. Fronczek, W. G. Bessler, J. Power Sources (2013), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.02.018 [3] J. P. Neidhardt, et al., J.Electrochem. Soc. 159 (2012) A1528–A1542 [4] K. Cai et al., Nano Lett. 12 (2012) 6474–6479 [5] W. G. Bessler, J.Electrochem. Soc. 154 (2007) B1186–B1191

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/85122/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Next Generation Battery Electrochemistry Analyzed: Towards a Validated Computational Model of the Lithium/Sulfur Cell
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Fronczek, David Normandavid.fronczek (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Choi, Seong E.Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Latz, Arnulfarnulf.latz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bessler, Wolfgang G.wolfgang.bessler (at) hs-offenburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Cairns, Elton J.Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Date:28 October 2013
Journal or Publication Title:224th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Publisher:The Electrochemical Society
Status:Published
Keywords:Batterie Lithium-Schwefel-Batterie Lithiumsulfid Modellierung Validierung
Event Title:224th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society
Event Location:San Francisco, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:28.10. - 02.11.2013
Organizer:The Electrochemical Society
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Efficient Energy Conversion and Use (old)
HGF - Program Themes:Fuel Cells (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E EV - Energy process technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Elektrochemische Prozesse (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Computational Electrochemistry
Deposited By: Fronczek, David N.
Deposited On:11 Nov 2013 15:08
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:42

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