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The shortwave to longwave ratio in contrail radiative forcing as evident in two radiation schemes used for global GCMs

Ponater, Michael and Dietmüller, Simone and Frömming, Christine and Bock, Lisa (2013) The shortwave to longwave ratio in contrail radiative forcing as evident in two radiation schemes used for global GCMs. 13th EMS annual meeting, 9.-13. Sept. 2013, Reading, UK.

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Contrail radiative forcing is difficult to obtain, even if contrail parameters like coverage, ice water content, crystal size etc. are known. Respective results as documented in literature hint to a substantial uncertainty. One key problem is the considerable degree of cancellation between the positive (warming) component from the contrails’ greenhouse effect and the negative (cooling) component from backscattering of solar irradiance. The longwave/shortwave cancellation depends on ambient parameters like contrail temperature, co-existing natural clouds, and surface albedo. High demands are set for any radiative transfer model aiming at reliable results of the net radiative forcing. Climate models are optimally suited to provide a representation of the required variety of ambient parameters for a climatological estimate of contrail radiative forcing. However, comprehensive global climate models use simplified radiative transfer schemes for reasons of computational economy. Hence, a dedicated test of these schemes is required. We present a comparison of contrail radiative forcing estimates from two global climate models with different radiation schemes. The first estimate results from the ECHAM4 model that has been frequently used over the last ten years for contrail climate impact calculations. The second estimate originates from the more recent ECHAM5 model (also being part of the EMAC/MESSy model system) that is used in current and future studies. Use is made of the so-called "Myhre benchmark test" with specified contrail parameters. Beyond global annual means, emphasis is also given to longwave/shortwave forcing ratios for different seasons and to daytime/nighttime differences.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/85055/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:The shortwave to longwave ratio in contrail radiative forcing as evident in two radiation schemes used for global GCMs
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Contrails, Radiative Forcing, benchmark
Event Title:13th EMS annual meeting
Event Location:Reading, UK
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:9.-13. Sept. 2013
Organizer:European Meteorological Society
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Climate, Weather and Environment (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics
Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Dynamics
Deposited By: Ponater, Dr.rer.nat. Michael
Deposited On:05 Nov 2013 08:04
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:42

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