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The Hohmann-Parker Effect Measured by the Mars Science Laboratory on the Transfer from Earth to Mars: Consequences and Opportunities

Posner, A. and Odstrĉil, D. and MacNeice, P. and Rastaetter, L. and Zeitlin, C. and Heber, B. and Elliott, H. and Frahm, R.A. and Hayes, J.J.E. and von Rosenvinge, T.T. and Christian, E.R. and Andrews, J.P. and Beaujean, R. and Böttcher, S. and Brinza, D.E. and Bullock, M.A. and Burmeister, S. and Cucinotta, F.A. and Ehresmann, B. and Epperly, M. and Grinspoon, D. and Guo, J. and Hassler, D.M. and Kim, M.-H. and Köhler, J. and Kortmann, O. and Martin Garcia, C. and Müller-Mellin, R. and Neal, K. and Rafkin, S.C.R. and Reitz, G. and Seimetz, L. and Smith, K.D. and Tyler, Y. and Weigle, E. and Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.F. (2013) The Hohmann-Parker Effect Measured by the Mars Science Laboratory on the Transfer from Earth to Mars: Consequences and Opportunities. Planetary and Space Science, Epub ahead of print (in Press). Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2013.09.013 ISSN 0032-0633

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Abstract

We show that a spacecraft launched from Earth towards Mars following a Hohmann minimum energy transfer trajectory has a strong tendency to remain well-connected magnetically to Earth, in the early phase of the transfer, or to Mars in the late phase, via the Parker spiral magnetic field. On the return trip, the spacecraft would remain reasonably well-connected magnetically first to Mars and later to Earth. Moreover, good magnetic connectivity occurs on all Hohmann transfers between neighboring planets in the inner solar system out to Mars. We call this hitherto unnamed circumstance the Hohmann-Parker effect. We show consequences of the effect by means of simultaneous cosmic radiation proxy observations made near Earth, near Mars, and at the Mars Science Laboratory on the transfer from Earth to Mars in 2011/2012. We support the observations with simulations of the large-scale magnetic field of the inner heliosphere during this period and compare the results with our predictions. The implications of the Hohmann-Parker effect are discussed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/84792/
Document Type:Article
Title:The Hohmann-Parker Effect Measured by the Mars Science Laboratory on the Transfer from Earth to Mars: Consequences and Opportunities
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Posner, A. NASA Headquarters, Science Mission Directorate, 300 E St SW, Washington DC 20548, USAUNSPECIFIED
Odstrĉil, D. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 674, 8800 Greenbelt Rd, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA and George Mason University, School of Physics, Astronomy, and Computational Sciences, 364 Research Hall, Fairfax, VA 22030-4444 UNSPECIFIED
MacNeice, P. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 674, 8800 Greenbelt Rd, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USAUNSPECIFIED
Rastaetter, L.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 674, 8800 Greenbelt Rd, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USAUNSPECIFIED
Zeitlin, C. Southwest Research Institute, Space Science and Engineering Division, 1050 Walnut St., Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302, USAUNSPECIFIED
Heber, B. Christian Albrechts Universität Kiel, Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, IEAP, Leibnizstr. 11, 24118 Kiel, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Elliott, H. Southwest Research Institute, Space Science and Engineering Division, 6220 Culebra Rd, San Antonio, TX 78228, USAUNSPECIFIED
Frahm, R.A. Southwest Research Institute, Space Science and Engineering Division, 6220 Culebra Rd, San Antonio, TX 78228, USAUNSPECIFIED
Hayes, J.J.E. NASA Headquarters, Science Mission Directorate, 300 E St SW, Washington DC 20548, USAUNSPECIFIED
von Rosenvinge, T.T. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 674, 8800 Greenbelt Rd, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USAUNSPECIFIED
Christian, E.R. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 674, 8800 Greenbelt Rd, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USAUNSPECIFIED
Andrews, J.P. Southwest Research Institute, Space Science and Engineering Division, 1050 Walnut St., Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302, USAUNSPECIFIED
Beaujean, R. Christian Albrechts Universität Kiel, Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, IEAP, Leibnizstr. 11, 24118 Kiel, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Böttcher, S. Christian Albrechts Universität Kiel, Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, IEAP, Leibnizstr. 11, 24118 Kiel, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Brinza, D.E.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena, CA 91011, USAUNSPECIFIED
Bullock, M.A. Southwest Research Institute, Space Science and Engineering Division, 1050 Walnut St., Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302, USAUNSPECIFIED
Burmeister, S. Christian Albrechts Universität Kiel, Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, IEAP, Leibnizstr. 11, 24118 Kiel, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Cucinotta, F.A. University of Nevada Las Vegas Health Physics Department, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USAUNSPECIFIED
Ehresmann, B. Southwest Research Institute, Space Science and Engineering Division, 1050 Walnut St., Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302, USAUNSPECIFIED
Epperly, M. Southwest Research Institute, Space Science and Engineering Division, 6220 Culebra Rd, San Antonio, TX 78228, USAUNSPECIFIED
Grinspoon, D. Denver Museum of Nature and Science, 2001 Colorado Blvd, Denver, CO 80205, USAUNSPECIFIED
Guo, J. Christian Albrechts Universität Kiel, Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, IEAP, Leibnizstr. 11, 24118 Kiel, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Hassler, D.M. Southwest Research Institute, Space Science and Engineering Division, 1050 Walnut St., Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302, USAUNSPECIFIED
Kim, M.-H. NASA Johnson Space Center, 1601 NASA Pkwy, Houston, TX 77058, USAUNSPECIFIED
Köhler, J. Christian Albrechts Universität Kiel, Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, IEAP, Leibnizstr. 11, 24118 Kiel, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Kortmann, O.University of California, Berkeley, Space Science Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USAUNSPECIFIED
Martin Garcia, C.Christian Albrechts Universität Kiel, Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, IEAP, Leibnizstr. 11, 24118 Kiel, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Müller-Mellin, R.Christian Albrechts Universität Kiel, Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, IEAP, Leibnizstr. 11, 24118 Kiel, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Neal, K. Southwest Research Institute, Space Science and Engineering Division, 1050 Walnut St., Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302, USAUNSPECIFIED
Rafkin, S.C.R. Southwest Research Institute, Space Science and Engineering Division, 1050 Walnut St., Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302, USAUNSPECIFIED
Reitz, G. Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Lindner Höhe, 51147 Köln, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Seimetz, L. Christian Albrechts Universität Kiel, Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, IEAP, Leibnizstr. 11, 24118 Kiel, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Smith, K.D. Southwest Research Institute, Space Science and Engineering Division, 6220 Culebra Rd, San Antonio, TX 78228, USAUNSPECIFIED
Tyler, Y. Southwest Research Institute, Space Science and Engineering Division, 6220 Culebra Rd, San Antonio, TX 78228, USAUNSPECIFIED
Weigle, E. Big Head Endian LLC, 11785 181st Rd, Burden, KS 67019, USAUNSPECIFIED
Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.F. Christian Albrechts Universität Kiel, Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, IEAP, Leibnizstr. 11, 24118 Kiel, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Journal or Publication Title:Planetary and Space Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:Epub ahead of print (in Press)
DOI :10.1016/j.pss.2013.09.013
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0032-0633
Status:Published
Keywords:Hohmann transit, Parker field, Magnetic connection, Cosmic rays, Solar wind, Inner heliosphere
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben MSL-Radiation
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:25 Oct 2013 11:48
Last Modified:25 Oct 2013 11:48

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