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Simulation and Measurement of Extraterrestrial Conditions for Experiments on Habitability with Respect to Mars

Lorek, Andreas and Koncz, Alexander (2013) Simulation and Measurement of Extraterrestrial Conditions for Experiments on Habitability with Respect to Mars. In: Habitability of Other Planets and Satellites Springer Netherlands. pp. 145-162. ISBN 978-94-007-6545-0, 978-94-007-6546-7.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-94-007-6546-7/page/1

Abstract

Since Schiaparelli 1877 observed a dense network of linear structures on the surface of Mars and since a misleading translation of these observed “canali” led to various assumptions about life on Mars, habitability is one of the foremost topics in the current research on Mars. The Mars Simulation Facility (MSF) established at German Aerospace Centre (DLR) in Berlin has been designed to simulate Martian environmental conditions in terms of pressure (1–1,060 hPa), temperature (−70 to +130 °C), humidity (−46 °C frost point (FP) to −101 °C FP at 7 hPa), light (150 W Xenon lamp emitting in the range of 250–2,190 nm with calibrated intensity), and gas composition (up to five constituents). The MSF is used to investigate as well the impact of such conditions on extremophile organisms as to support the development and design of experiment hardware (e.g., sensors) under Martian conditions. Here, we review the scientific and measurement requirements for habitability-related experiments and show how these requirements have been met with the current MSF design.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/84495/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Simulation and Measurement of Extraterrestrial Conditions for Experiments on Habitability with Respect to Mars
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Lorek, Andreasandreas.lorek (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Koncz, Alexanderalexander.koncz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Journal or Publication Title:Habitability of Other Planets and Satellites
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:28
Page Range:pp. 145-162
Editors:
EditorsEmail
de Verra, Jean-Pierrejean-pierre.devera@dlr.de
Seckbach, Josephjoseph.seckbach@mail.huji.il
Publisher:Springer Netherlands
ISBN:978-94-007-6545-0, 978-94-007-6546-7
Status:Published
Keywords:Mars, Mars Simulation Facility, MSF, water, humidity, ice, humidity measurement, rough vacucum
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Exploration des Sonnensystems
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Experimentelle Planetenphysik
Deposited By: Lorek, Dr.rer.nat. Andreas
Deposited On:06 Jan 2014 08:39
Last Modified:06 Jan 2014 08:39

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