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Hydrovolcanic tuff rings and cones as indicators for phreatomagmatic explosive eruptions on Mars

Brož, Petr and Hauber, Ernst (2013) Hydrovolcanic tuff rings and cones as indicators for phreatomagmatic explosive eruptions on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, pp. 1656-1675. Wiley. DOI: 10.1002/jgre.20120 ISSN 0148-0227

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jgre.20120/abstract

Abstract

Hydrovolcanism is a common natural phenomenon on Earth and should be common on Mars, too, since its surface shows widespread evidence for volcanism and near-surface water. We investigate fields of pitted cones in the Nephentes/Amenthes region at the southernmargin of the ancient impact basin, Utopia, which were previously interpreted as mud volcanoes. The cone fields contain pitted and breached cones with associated outgoing flow-like landforms. Based on stratigraphic relations,we determined aHesperian or youngermodel age.We test the hypothesis of a (hydro)volcanic origin. Based on a detailed morphological and morphometrical analysis and an analysis of the regional context, an igneous volcanic origin of these cones as hydrovolcanic edifices produced by phreatomagmatic eruptions is plausible. Several lines of evidence suggest the existence of subsurface water ice. The pitted cones display well-developed wide central craters with floor elevations below the preeruptive surface. Their morphometry and the overall appearance are analogous to terrestrial tuff cones and tuff rings. Mounds that are also observed in the same region resemble terrestrial lava domes. The hydrovolcanic interaction between ascending magma and subsurface water and/or water ice may explain the formation of the pitted cones, although other scenarios such as mud volcanism cannot be ruled out. Together with the mounds, the cones might represent effusive and explosive edifices of amonogenetic volcanic field composed of lava domes, tuff rings, tuff cones, and possibly maars.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/83958/
Document Type:Article
Title:Hydrovolcanic tuff rings and cones as indicators for phreatomagmatic explosive eruptions on Mars
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Brož, PetrInstitute of Geophysics ASCR, v.v.i., Prague, Czech RepublicUNSPECIFIED
Hauber, ErnstErnst.Hauber (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Geophysical Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
In DOAJ:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:118
DOI :10.1002/jgre.20120
Page Range:pp. 1656-1675
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0148-0227
Status:Published
Keywords:Mars, volcanism, water, explosive eruption
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt MARS-EXPRESS / HRSC
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Hauber, Ernst
Deposited On:19 Sep 2013 10:03
Last Modified:23 Jan 2014 11:36

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