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Challenges to design imperfection sensitive composite launcher structures

Degenhardt, Richard and Zimmermann, Rolf and Kling, Alexander and Wilckens, Dirk (2012) Challenges to design imperfection sensitive composite launcher structures. 4th Int. Conference on Structural Stability and Dynamics, 4.-6.-Jan. 2012, Jaipur, India.

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Abstract

The Space industry demand for lighter and cheaper launcher transport systems. The upcoming EU project DESICOS (New Robust DESIgn Guideline for Imperfection Sensitive COmposite Launcher Structures), which will start in 2012, contributes to these aims by a new design approach for imperfection sensitive composite launcher structures, exploiting the worst imperfection more efficiently, by the Single Pertubation Load Approach [1]. Currently, imperfection sensitive shell structures prone to buckling are designed according the NASA SP 8007 guideline using the conservative lower bound curve. The guideline dates from 1968, and the structural behaviour of composite material is not considered appropriately, in particular since the imperfection sensitivity of shells made from such materials depends on the lay-up design. The buckling loads of CFRP structures may vary by a factor of about 3 just by changing the lay-up. This is not considered in the NASA SP 8007, which allows designing only so called "black metal" structures. Here is a high need for a new precise and fast design approach for imperfection sensitive composite structures which allows significant reduction of structural weight and design cost. For most relevant architectures of cylindrical and conical launcher structures (monolithic, sandwich, isogrid - without and with holes) DESICOS will investigate a combined methodology from the Single Perturbation Load Approach and a specific stochastic approach which guarantees an effective and robust design. A recent investigation demonstrated, that an axially loaded unstiffened cylinder, which is disturbed by a large enough single perturbation load, is leading directly to the design buckling load 45% higher compared with the respective NASA SP 8007 design [2]. Within DESICOS the new methods will be further developed, validated by tests and summarized in a handbook for the design of imperfection sensitive composite structures. The potential will be demonstrated within different industrially driven use cases. This paper presents the objectives and the main results of the DESICOS project.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/83811/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Challenges to design imperfection sensitive composite launcher structures
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Degenhardt, RichardUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zimmermann, RolfUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kling, AlexanderUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wilckens, DirkUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2012
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Composite structures, Launcher structures, Design, Buckling, Stability, Imperfection Sensitivity
Event Title:4th Int. Conference on Structural Stability and Dynamics
Event Location:Jaipur, India
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:4.-6.-Jan. 2012
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transport
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Raumfahrzeugsysteme - Numerische Verfahren und Simulation
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems > Structural Mechanics
Deposited By: Degenhardt, Richard
Deposited On:10 Dec 2013 19:24
Last Modified:08 May 2014 23:24

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