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Quantifying the carbon uptake by vegetation for Europe on a 1km² resolution using a remote sensing driven vegetation model

Wißkirchen, Klaus and Tum, Markus and Günther, Kurt P. and Niklaus, Markus and Eisfelder, Christina and Knorr, Wolfgang (2013) Quantifying the carbon uptake by vegetation for Europe on a 1km² resolution using a remote sensing driven vegetation model. Geoscientific Model Development, 6, pp. 1623-1640. Copernicus Publications. doi: [10.5194/gmd-6-1623-2013]. ISSN 1991-959X.

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Official URL: http://www.geosci-model-dev.net/6/1623/2013/gmd-6-1623-2013.html


In this study we compare monthly gross primary productivity (GPP) time series (2000 to 2007), computed for Europe with the Biosphere Energy Transfer Hydrology (BETHY/DLR) model with monthly data from the eddy covariance measurements network FLUXNET. BETHY/DLR with a spatial resolution of 1km2 is designed for regional and continental applications (here Europe) and operated at the German Aerospace Center (DLR). It was adapted from the BETHY scheme to be driven by remote sensing data (Leaf Area Index (LAI) and land cover information) and meteorology. Time series of LAI obtained from the CYCLOPES database are used to control the phenology of vegetation. Meteorological time series from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) are used as driver. These comprise daily information on temperature, precipitation, wind-speed and radiation. Additionally, static maps such as land cover, elevation, and soil type are used. To validate our model results we used eddy covariance measurements from the FLUXNET network of 74 towers across Europe. For forest sites we found that our model predicts between 20 % and 40 % higher annual GPP sums. In contrast, for cropland sites BETHY/DLR results show about 18 % less GPP than eddy covariance measurements. For grassland sites, between 10 % more and 16 % less GPP was calculated with BETHY/DLR. A mean total carbon uptake of 2.5 PgC a-1 (± 0.17 Pg) was found for Europe. In addition, this study states on risks that arise from the comparison of modeled data to FLUXNET measurements and their interpretation width.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/83337/
Document Type:Article
Title:Quantifying the carbon uptake by vegetation for Europe on a 1km² resolution using a remote sensing driven vegetation model
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Wißkirchen, Klausklauswisskirchen (at) bundeswehr.orgUNSPECIFIED
Tum, Markusmarkus.tum (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Günther, Kurt P.kurt.guenther (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Niklaus, Markusmarkus.niklaus (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Eisfelder, Christinachristina.eisfelder (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Knorr, Wolfgangwolfgang.knorr (at) googlemail.comUNSPECIFIED
Date:8 October 2013
Journal or Publication Title:Geoscientific Model Development
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :[10.5194/gmd-6-1623-2013]
Page Range:pp. 1623-1640
Publisher:Copernicus Publications
Keywords:GPP, BETHY/DLR, modelling, Remote Sensing, FLUXNET
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Fernerkundung der Landoberfläche (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface
Deposited By: Tum, Markus
Deposited On:17 Jul 2013 13:40
Last Modified:02 May 2019 14:14

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