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Trends in Methanol Reactions on Bimetallic Surfaces under UHV conditions

Gazdzicki, Pawel and Jakob, Peter (2013) Trends in Methanol Reactions on Bimetallic Surfaces under UHV conditions. XIII. International Conference on Electrified Interfaces , 30.06.-05.07.2013, Liblice, Tschechien.

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Abstract

This study focuses on thermally induced methanol reactions on bimetallic Ru(0001)-based layers and surface alloys (see Fig. 1) performed under ultrahigh vacuum conditions (UHV) using in-situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIRAS) and temperature programmed desorption (TPD). Our experiments concentrate on the description of fundamental reaction steps and the identification of stable intermediate species. Thereby a number of surface parameters have been systematically varied: sort and thickness of deposited metal overlayer, addition of coadsorbates, long range order of adsorbate layer, density and composition of surface alloy (P. Gazdzicki and P. Jakob, Phys. Chem. Chem., Phys. 2013, 15, 1460). On the basis of our results and results reported in the literature methanol reactions on metal surfaces can be subdivided into two major pathways: (i) total dehydrogenation of methanol leading to CO, and (ii) an oxidation pathway which produces gaseous CO2. On the clean surfaces either the dehydrogenation pathway is observed or no reaction occurs at all. The CO2 producing path opens up only upon adsorption of oxygen; in parallel, the CO formation diminishes. In this context, the influence of surface oxygen on the yields of possible reaction products is analyzed. Generally, it is found that methanol reactions are promoted by disordered and dilute oxygen layers; dense and ordered O-overlayers, on the other hand, passivate the surface effectively. Referring to the direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC), a significant drawback of adding oxygen is the reaction of the oxygen atoms with hydrogen from methanol dehydrogenation to gaseous water. As hydrogen is the energy provider in a DMFC the desorbing water represents an unwanted drain of H atoms. Interestingly, the surfaces which produce the highest amount of CO2 are also most efficient with respect to water formation. As the drain of H atoms on oxygen covered PtxRu1-x/Ru(0001) surface alloys is limited and they nonetheless exhibit CO2 as a final product they represent a compromise regarding the ideal catalyst material for a DMFC. In particular, alloys with a Pt content of 50 - 80% are found to display superior performance.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/83289/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Trends in Methanol Reactions on Bimetallic Surfaces under UHV conditions
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Gazdzicki, Pawelpawel.gazdzicki (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Jakob, PeterUni MarburgUNSPECIFIED
Date:4 July 2013
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Catalysis, Surface Science, Methanol, DMFC, Spectroscopy
Event Title:XIII. International Conference on Electrified Interfaces
Event Location:Liblice, Tschechien
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:30.06.-05.07.2013
Organizer:International Society of Electrochemistry und J. Heyrovsky Institute of Physical Chemistry
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Efficient Energy Conversion and Use (old)
HGF - Program Themes:Fuel Cells (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E EV - Energy process technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Elektrochemische Prozesse (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Electrochemical Energy Technology
Deposited By: Gazdzicki, Dr. Pawel
Deposited On:05 Aug 2013 08:41
Last Modified:05 Aug 2013 08:41

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