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Validation of stratospheric and mesospheric ozone observed by SMILES from International Space Station

Kasai, Yasuko and Sagawa, H. and Kreyling, D. and Suzuki, K. and Dupuy, E. and Sato, T. O. and Mendrok, Jana and Baron, P. and Nishibori, T. and Mizobuchi, S. and Kikuchi, K. and Manabe, T. and Ozeki, H. and Sugita, T. and Fujiwara, M. and Irimajiri, Y. and Walker, K. A. and Bernath, P. F. and Boone, C. and Stiller, Gabriele and von Clarmann, Thomas and Orphal, Johannes and Urban, Joachim and Murtagh, D. and Llewellyn, E. J. and Degenstein, D. and Bourassa, A. E. and Lloyd, N. D. and Froidevaux, L. and Birk, Manfred and Wagner, Georg and Schreier, Franz and Xu, Jian and Vogt, Peter and Trautmann, Thomas and Yasui, M. (2013) Validation of stratospheric and mesospheric ozone observed by SMILES from International Space Station. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 6 (9), pp. 2311-2338. Copernicus Publications. DOI: 10.5194/amt-6-2311-2013 ISSN 1867-1381

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/amt-6-2311-2013

Abstract

We observed the diurnal variation of ozone (O3) in the vertical region between 250 and 0.0005 hPa (~12–96 km) using the Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder (SMILES) on the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) of the International Space Station (ISS) between 12 October 2009 and 21 April 2010. The new 4 K superconducting heterodyne receiver technology of SMILES allowed us to obtain a one order of magnitude better signal-to-noise ratio for the O3 line observation compared to past spaceborne microwave instruments. We assessed the quality of the vertical profiles of O3 in the 100–0.001 hP (~16–90 km) region for the SMILES NICT Level 2 product version 2.1.5. The evaluation is based on four components; error analysis; internal comparisons of observations targeting three different instrumental setups for the same O3 625.371 GHz transition; internal comparisons of two different retrieval algorithms; and external comparisons for various local times with ozonesonde, satellite and balloon observations (ENVISAT/MIPAS, SCISAT/ACE-FTS, Odin/OSIRIS, Odin/SMR, Aura/MLS, TELIS). SMILES O3 data have an estimated absolute accuracy of better than 0.3 ppmv (3%) with a vertical resolution of 3–4 km over the 60 to 8 hPa range. The random error for a single measurement is better than the estimated systematic error, being less than 1, 2, and 7%, in the 40–1, 80–0.1, and 100–0.004 hPa pressure region, respectively. SMILES O3 abundance was 10–20% lower than all other satellite measurements at 8–0.1 hPa due to an error arising from uncertainties of the tangent point information and the calibration problem for the intensity of the spectrum. The non sun-synchronous orbit of the ISS allowed us to observe O3 at various local times. A two month period is required to accumulate measurements covering 24 h in local time. However such a dataset can also contain variation due to dynamical, seasonal, and latitudinal effects.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/83135/
Document Type:Article
Title:Validation of stratospheric and mesospheric ozone observed by SMILES from International Space Station
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Kasai, YasukoNICT, Tokyo, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Sagawa, H.NICT, Tokyo, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Kreyling, D.NICT, Tokyo, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Suzuki, K.NICT, Tokyo, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Dupuy, E.NICT, Tokyo, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Sato, T. O.NICT, Tokyo, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Mendrok, JanaLulea University, KirunaUNSPECIFIED
Baron, P.NICT, Tokyo, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Nishibori, T.NICT, Tokyo, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Mizobuchi, S.JAXAUNSPECIFIED
Kikuchi, K.NICT, Tokyo, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Manabe, T.Osaka University, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Ozeki, H.Toho University, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Sugita, T.NIES, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Fujiwara, M.Hokkaido University, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Irimajiri, Y.NICT, Tokyo, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Walker, K. A.University of Waterloo, CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Bernath, P. F.Old Dominion University, USAUNSPECIFIED
Boone, C.University of Waterloo, CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Stiller, GabrieleKIT, KarlsruheUNSPECIFIED
von Clarmann, ThomasKIT, KarlsruheUNSPECIFIED
Orphal, JohannesKIT, KarlsruheUNSPECIFIED
Urban, JoachimChalmers University of Technology, SwedenUNSPECIFIED
Murtagh, D.Chalmers University of Technology, SwedenUNSPECIFIED
Llewellyn, E. J.University of Saskatchewan, CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Degenstein, D.University of Saskatchewan, CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Bourassa, A. E.University of Saskatchewan, CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Lloyd, N. D.University of Saskatchewan,CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Froidevaux, L.JPL, USAUNSPECIFIED
Birk, ManfredDLR-IMF-EXVUNSPECIFIED
Wagner, GeorgDLR-IMF-EXVUNSPECIFIED
Schreier, Franzfranz.schreier (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Xu, JianDLR-IMF-ATPUNSPECIFIED
Vogt, PeterDLR-IMF-EXVUNSPECIFIED
Trautmann, ThomasDLR-IMF-ATPUNSPECIFIED
Yasui, M.NICT, Tokyo, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Journal or Publication Title:Atmospheric Measurement Techniques
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:6
DOI :10.5194/amt-6-2311-2013
Page Range:pp. 2311-2338
Publisher:Copernicus Publications
ISSN:1867-1381
Status:Published
Keywords:Microwave limb sounding
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Entwicklung von Atmosphärenprozessoren (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Atmospheric Processors
Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Experimental Methods
Deposited By: Schreier, Dr.rer.nat. Franz
Deposited On:08 Jul 2013 16:24
Last Modified:02 May 2019 14:13

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