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Neighbourhood deprivation and outlet density for tobacco, alcohol and fast food: First hints to obesogenic and addictive environments in Germany

Schneider, Sven and Gruber, Johannes (2012) Neighbourhood deprivation and outlet density for tobacco, alcohol and fast food: First hints to obesogenic and addictive environments in Germany. Public Health Nutrition, 16 (7), pp. 1168-1177. Cambidge University Press. DOI: [10.1017/S1368980012003321] ISSN 1368-9800

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Official URL: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8634266&fulltextType=RA&fileId=S1368980012003321

Abstract

Objective: The current discussion regarding “place effects on health” is increasingly focusing on the characteristics of a specific physical environment. Our study investigated whether socially deprived residential areas are more likely than affluent neighborhoods to provide access to addictive substances and fast food. Design: In this ecological study, the total number of tobacco, alcohol and fast food outlets was recorded and visualized using a Geographic Information System. Setting: 18 Social areas in Cologne, Germany. Subjects: A total of 18 social areas in 4 districts of Cologne, Germany, including 92,000 inhabitants, were analyzed. Results: In the investigation area 339 tobacco, 353 alcohol and 67 fast food outlets were identified. The higher the deprivation indicators in a district, the higher the availability of cigarettes (Kendall’s tau =0.433; p=0.012), alcohol (Kendall’s tau =0.341, p=0.049) and fast food (Kendall’s tau =0.473; p=0.009). Conclusions: The availability of addictive substances and fast food can be seen as having a contextual influence on the individual’s lifestyle and can, as a physical exposition in form of obesogenic and addictive environments, contribute to a culmination of health risks.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/82841/
Document Type:Article
Title:Neighbourhood deprivation and outlet density for tobacco, alcohol and fast food: First hints to obesogenic and addictive environments in Germany
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Schneider, SvenMannheim Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive MedicineUNSPECIFIED
Gruber, Johannesjohannes.gruber (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:10 July 2012
Journal or Publication Title:Public Health Nutrition
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:16
DOI :[10.1017/S1368980012003321]
Page Range:pp. 1168-1177
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Yngve, AgnetaOslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Norway
Publisher:Cambidge University Press
ISSN:1368-9800
Status:Published
Keywords:alcohol consumption, tobacco; fast foods; environmental impact; ecological and environmental phenomena
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Projekt Verkehrsentwicklung und Umwelt (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Commercial Transport
Deposited By: Gruber, Dipl.-Geogr. Johannes
Deposited On:17 Jun 2013 09:46
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:21

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