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Aspect-ratio dependency of Rayleigh-Benard convection in box-shaped containers

Wagner, Sebastian and Shishkina, Olga (2013) Aspect-ratio dependency of Rayleigh-Benard convection in box-shaped containers. Physics of Fluids, Vol. 2 (8), pp. 1-17. American Institute of Physics (AIP). doi: 10.1063/1.4819141. ISSN 1070-6631.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4819141


We report on a numerical study of the aspect-ratio dependency of Rayleigh-Benard convection, using Direct Numerical Simulations. The investigated domains have equal height and width while the aspect ratio of depth per height is varied between 1/10 and 1. The Rayleigh numbers Ra for this study variate between 10e5 and 10e9, while the Prandtl number is Pr=0.786. The main focus of the study concerns the dependency of the Nusselt number Nu and the Reynolds number Re on Ra and the aspect-ratio. It turns out that due to the aspect ratio, differences to the cubic case (i.e. aspect-ratio 1) in Nu of up to 55% and in Re of up to 97% occur, which decrease for increasing Ra. In particular for small aspect ratios sudden drops in the Ra-scaling of Nu and Re appear for ra about 10e6. Further analysis reveals that these correspond to the onset of unsteady motion accompanied by changes in the global flow structure. The latter is investigated by statistical analysis of the heat flux distribution on the bottom and top plates and a decomposition of the instantaneous flow fields into two-dimensional modes. For Ra slightly above the onset of unsteady motion (i.e. Ra about 10e6) for all considered aspec ratios smaller or equal 1/3 a four-roll structure is present, which corresponds to thermal plumes moving vertically through the domain's center. For Ra<10e7, also for small aspect-ratios a single-roll structure is dominant, in agreement with two-dimensional simulations and experiments at larger Ra and Pr.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/82784/
Document Type:Article
Additional Information:http://pof.aip.org/resource/1/PHFLE6/v25/i8; Published by the AIP Publishing LLC.; 085110 (2013);
Title:Aspect-ratio dependency of Rayleigh-Benard convection in box-shaped containers
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Journal or Publication Title:Physics of Fluids
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:Vol. 2
Page Range:pp. 1-17
Publisher:American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Keywords:DNS, Rayleigh-Benard convection, aspect-ratio dependency
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Projekt Next Generation Train (old)
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Fluid Systems
Deposited By: Wagner, Sebastian
Deposited On:29 Aug 2013 12:53
Last Modified:07 Nov 2023 08:38

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