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Relationship between ventilatory function and age in master athletes and a sedentary reference population

Degens, Hans and Maden-Wilkinson, T. M. and Ireland, Alex and Korhonen, Marko and Suominen, Harri and Heinonen, Ari and Radak, Zsolt and McPhee, Jamie S. and Rittweger, Jörn (2013) Relationship between ventilatory function and age in master athletes and a sedentary reference population. AGE (11357), pp. 1007-1015. Springer. DOI: DOI 10.1007/s11357-012-9409-7 ISSN 0161-9152

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Abstract

Abstract Ageing is accompanied with a decline in respiratory function. It is hypothesised that this may be attenuated by high physical activity levels. We performed spirometry in master athletes (71 women; 84 men; 35–86 years) and sedentary people (39 women; 45 men; 24–82 years), and calculated the predicted lung age (PLA). The negative associations of age with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1; 34 mL·year−1) and other ventilatory parameters were similar in controls and master athletes. FEV1pred was 9 % higher (P<0.005) and PLA 15 % lower (P00.013) in athletes than controls. There were no significant differences between endurance and power athletes and sedentary people in maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure. Neither age-graded performance nor weekly training hours were significantly related to lung age. Life-long exercise does not appear to attenuate the age-related decrease in ventilatory function. The better respiratory function in master athletes than age-matched sedentary people might be due to self-selection and attrition bias.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/82716/
Document Type:Article
Title:Relationship between ventilatory function and age in master athletes and a sedentary reference population
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Degens, HansManchester Metropolitan UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Maden-Wilkinson, T. M.Manchester Metropolitan UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Ireland, AlexManchester Metropolitan UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Korhonen, MarkoUniversity of JyväskyäUNSPECIFIED
Suominen, HarriUniversity of JyväskyäUNSPECIFIED
Heinonen, AriUniversity of JyväskyäUNSPECIFIED
Radak, ZsoltSemmelweis UniversityUNSPECIFIED
McPhee, Jamie S.Manchester Metropolitan UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Rittweger, Jörnjoern.rittweger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Journal or Publication Title:AGE
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :DOI 10.1007/s11357-012-9409-7
Page Range:pp. 1007-1015
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Ingram, Donald K.UNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0161-9152
Status:Published
Keywords:FEV; Lung age; Mouth pressure; Physical activity; Peak expiratory flow; Physical exercise
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Systemphysiologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Space Physiology
Deposited By: Becker, Christine
Deposited On:15 Nov 2013 12:29
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:30

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