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Spacecraft exploration of Phobos and Deimos

Duxbury, Thomas C. and Zakharov, Alexander and Hoffmann, Harald and Guinness, Edward (2014) Spacecraft exploration of Phobos and Deimos. Planetary and Space Science, 102, pp. 9-17. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.pss.2013.12.008. ISSN 0032-0633.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2013.12.008


We review the previous exploration of Phobos and Deimos by spacecraft. The first close-up images of Phobos and Deimos were obtained by the Mariner 9 spacecraft in 1971, followed by much image data from the two Viking orbiters at the end of the 70s, which formed the basis for early Phobos and Deimos shape and dynamic models. The Soviet Phobos 2 spacecraft came within 100 km of landing on Phobos in 1988. Mars Global Surveyor (1996–2006) and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (since 2005) made close-up observations of Phobos on several occasions. Mars Express (since 2003) in its highly elliptical orbit is currently the only spacecraft to make regular Phobos encounters and has returned large volumes of science data for this satellite. Landers and rovers on the ground (Viking Landers, Mars Pathfinder, MER rovers, MSL rover) frequently made observations of Phobos, Deimos and their transits across the solar disk.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/82178/
Document Type:Article
Title:Spacecraft exploration of Phobos and Deimos
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Duxbury, Thomas C.George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030UNSPECIFIED
Zakharov, AlexanderSpace Research Institute, Moscow, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Hoffmann, Haraldharald.hoffmann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Guinness, EdwardWashington University, PDS Geosciences NodeUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Planetary and Space Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.pss.2013.12.008
Page Range:pp. 9-17
Keywords:Phobos, Deimos, spacecraft, exploration
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt MARS-EXPRESS / HRSC (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Hoffmann, Harald
Deposited On:15 Dec 2014 09:16
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:40

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