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Efficacies of various forcing components contributing to aircraft climate impact

Ponater, Michael (2013) Efficacies of various forcing components contributing to aircraft climate impact. EGU Tagung 2013, 8.-12. Apr. 2013, Wien, Österreich.

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Abstract

The net impact of aviation on global climate results from a combination of individual contributions (e.g. from CO2, ozone, and methane changes, contrails). The various components are usually compared in terms of their respective radiative forcing, or in terms of advanced metrics (like the global warming potential) for which radiative forcing forms the key input. However, this only leads to sensible assessments if the efficacy of the contributing forcings is similar or equal, i.e. if each effect causes the same global temperature change per unit radiative forcing. A systematic comparison of efficacies is presented for the most important component forcings (as far as their effect has established in the framework of global climate models). The results are compiled from simulations with the ECHAM4/ATTILA climate model, which has been especially prepared for investigating aviation climate impact. The climate sensitivity of CO2 is rather well defined, i.e., its value is only moderately dependent on the CO2 radiative forcing amount over a wide range of concentration changes. The efficacy of contrails is significantly lower than that of CO2, a result which appears to be robust and confirms a similar conclusion drawn from simulations with other models. For other aviation forcings (ozone, methane, stratospheric water vapour) it is less easy to establish unique efficacy values. The difficulties are caused by non-linearities in the feedbacks that make the efficacy dependent on the extent of scaling of the original forcing. Moreover, methodical and model dependencies allow only preliminary conclusions at the present stage. Deeper understanding of the feedbacks caused by non-CO2 forcings within the model framework is necessary. Independent research with other models is also highly recommended.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/82024/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Efficacies of various forcing components contributing to aircraft climate impact
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Ponater, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:efficacy, aircraft climate impact, contrails, ozone, water vapour
Event Title:EGU Tagung 2013
Event Location:Wien, Österreich
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:8.-12. Apr. 2013
Organizer:European Geophysical Union
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Climate, Weather and Environment (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics
Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Dynamics
Deposited By: Ponater, Dr.rer.nat. Michael
Deposited On:18 Apr 2013 18:05
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:40

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