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Solid Oxide Fuel Cell/Gas Turbine Hybrid Power Plant - Model Based Design of Control Strategies

Steilen, Mike and Henke, Moritz and Willich, Caroline and Kallo, Josef and Friedrich, K. Andreas (2013) Solid Oxide Fuel Cell/Gas Turbine Hybrid Power Plant - Model Based Design of Control Strategies. In: 10th Symposium for Fuel Cell and Battery Modelling and Experimental Validation (ModVal10). ModVal10, 19.-20.03.2013, Bad Boll, Deutschland.

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Abstract

The continuously increasing demand for electrical energy requires the development of power plants with high efficiencies and low emissions. A hybrid power plant consisting of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) system coupled with a gas turbine (GT) promises to fulfill these requirements and also has the advantage of offering a wide range of applications from several 10 kW to multi MW. Indirectly and directly coupled systems are possible, mainly distinguished by the higher operating pressure and reduced heat transfer losses of the directly coupled SOFC system. Since the directly coupled systems with elevated SOFC operating pressure promise to outperform the system efficiency of the indirectly coupled systems [1-2], the DLR has been investigating the corresponding fundamentals and requirements of a directly combined fuel cell and gas turbine power plant for several years. An elementary kinetic SOFC stack model was developed and experimentally validated [3] in a wide range of operating conditions. This model was integrated into an existing model of a gas turbine [4]. The model is used to carry out stationary hybrid power plant simulations in order to investigate how variations in operating strategy and component characteristics influence the performance of the hybrid power plant as well as the operating conditions of the SOFC. Results show that varying electrical SOFC power while keeping electrical gas turbine power constant strongly influences the overall electrical efficiency of the hybrid power plant. The experimental and simulation results are to be used to adapt the existing models from stationary to transient regime. This allows for future development of operation and control strategies. A pilot power plant is to be designed and commissioned to validate the transient model accordingly. [1] Henke, M., Willich, C., Westner, C., Leucht, F., Leibinger, R., Kallo, J., & Friedrich, K. A. (2012). Effect of pressure variation on power density and efficiency of solid oxide fuel cells. Electrochimica Acta, 66, 158–163. [2] Zhang, X., Chan, S. H., Li, G., Ho, H. K., Li, J., & Feng, Z. (2010). A review of integration strategies for solid oxide fuel cells. Journal of Power Sources, 195(3), 685–702. [3] M. Henke et al., Modeling and Experimental Study of Pressurized Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, ModVal 9, Campus Sursee, Switzerland 2012 [4] T. Panne et al., Themodynamic Process Analyses of SOFC/GT Hybrid Cycles, 5th IECEC, St. Louis, Missouri, USA, 2007

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/81852/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Solid Oxide Fuel Cell/Gas Turbine Hybrid Power Plant - Model Based Design of Control Strategies
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Steilen, Mikemike.steilen (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Henke, Moritzmoritz.henke (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Willich, Carolinecaroline.willich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kallo, Josefjosef.kallo (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Friedrich, K. Andreasandreas.friedrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:19 March 2013
Journal or Publication Title:10th Symposium for Fuel Cell and Battery Modelling and Experimental Validation (ModVal10)
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:SOFC, Gas Turbine, Hybrid, Power Plant, Modelling, Control,
Event Title:ModVal10
Event Location:Bad Boll, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:19.-20.03.2013
Organizer:Hochschule Offenburg
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Efficient Energy Conversion and Use (old)
HGF - Program Themes:Fuel Cells (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E EV - Energy process technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Elektrochemische Prozesse (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Electrochemical Energy Technology
Deposited By: Steilen, Mike
Deposited On:22 Apr 2013 14:20
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:40

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