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The thermo-chemical evolution of Asteroid 21 Lutetia

Neumann, W. and Breuer , D. and Spohn, T. (2013) The thermo-chemical evolution of Asteroid 21 Lutetia. Icarus, 224 (1), pp. 126-143. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2013.02.025 ISSN 0019-1035

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0019103513000870

Abstract

In the present study, we model the thermo-chemical evolution of Asteroid 21 Lutetia using new data obtained by the Rosetta flyby in July 2010. We investigate the dependence of the evolution on the accretion onset time and duration for both instantaneous accretion and continuous accretion scenarios, assuming late runaway material accumulation. The thermo-chemical evolution model considers accretion, sintering (hot pressing), melting and differentiation by porous flow. The evolution scenarios arising from assumptions on the macroporosity φm are examined to derive implications on the compaction of an initially highly porous material, (partial) differentiation and the internal structure. The calculated final structures are compared with the observational data to derive bounds on the present-day macroporosity of Lutetia. Varying the macroporosity φm, we calculate the initial material properties such as intrinsic density, composition, and radiogenic heat source abundance, assuming an enstatitic origin of Lutetia’s primordial material. We obtain a number of possible compaction and differentiation scenarios consistent with the properties of the present-day Lutetia. The most probable macroporosity for a Lutetia-like body with the observed bulk density of 3400 kg m−3 is φm ⩾ 0.04. Small changes can be expected if an error of ±300 kg m−3 in the bulk density is considered. Depending on the adopted value of φm, Lutetia may have formed contemporaneously with the calcium–aluminium-rich inclusions (CAIs) (φm = 0.04) or up to 8 Ma later (φm = 0.25). We find a differentiated interior, i.e., an iron-rich core and silicate mantle, only for a rather narrow interval between 0.04 ⩽ φm < 0.06 with the formation times between 0 Ma and 1.8 Ma after the CAIs. Regardless of melting and partial differentiation, no melt extrusion through the porous layer is likely, which is consistent with the lack of basalt at the surface of Lutetia. For φm ⩾ 0.6, an iron–silicate differentiation is not possible, but the interior is compacted due to sintering below a porous outer layer.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/81745/
Document Type:Article
Title:The thermo-chemical evolution of Asteroid 21 Lutetia
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Neumann, W.wladimir.neumann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Breuer , D.doris.breuer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Spohn, T. tilmann.spohn (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:May 2013
Journal or Publication Title:Icarus
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:224
DOI :10.1016/j.icarus.2013.02.025
Page Range:pp. 126-143
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Nicholson, P.D. UNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0019-1035
Status:Published
Keywords:Accretion; Asteroids, Composition; Interiors; Planetary formation; Planetesimals
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Exploration des Sonnensystems
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics
Institute of Planetary Research
Deposited By: Rückriemen, Tina
Deposited On:16 Apr 2013 08:37
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:26

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