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The impact of large scale biomass production on ozone air pollution in Europe

Beltman, Joost B. and Hendriks, Carlijn and Tum, Markus and Schaap, Martijn (2013) The impact of large scale biomass production on ozone air pollution in Europe. Atmospheric Environment, 71, pp. 352-363. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.02.019 ISSN 1352-2310

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231013001209#

Abstract

Tropospheric ozone contributes to the removal of air pollutants from the atmosphere but is itself a pollutant that is harmful to human health and vegetation. Biogenic isoprene emissions are important ozone precursors, and therefore future changes in land use that change isoprene emissions are likely to affect atmospheric ozone concentrations. Here, we use the chemical transport model LOTOS-EUROS (dedicated to the regional modeling of trace gases in Europe) to study a scenario in which 5% of the crop- and grass-land in Europe is converted into poplar plantations to be used for biofuel production. Although this scenario is rather conservative, our simulations project that isoprene emissions are substantially increased by an average of 45% over the simulated domain. As a consequence, ozone peak values are expected to increase by up to 6%, and ozone indicators for damage to human health and vegetation by up to 25% and 40%, respectively. Finally, we show that after the change in land use NOx emission reductions of 15 e20% in Europe would be required to restore the ozone levels to current values. Because biomass production is expected to increase throughout Europe in the coming decades, we conclude that careful consideration of the tree types and regions to be used is required to constrain the concomitant air pollution to a minimum.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/81719/
Document Type:Article
Title:The impact of large scale biomass production on ozone air pollution in Europe
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Beltman, Joost B.beltmanjb (at) yahoo.co.ukUNSPECIFIED
Hendriks, Carlijncarlijn.hendriks (at) tno.nlUNSPECIFIED
Tum, Markusmarkus.tum (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schaap, Martijnmartijn.schaap (at) tno.nlUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Journal or Publication Title:Atmospheric Environment
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:71
DOI :10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.02.019
Page Range:pp. 352-363
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1352-2310
Status:Published
Keywords:Ozone, Biomass plantations, Chemical transport model, Isoprene emissions, Poplar
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface
Deposited By: Tum, Markus
Deposited On:17 Apr 2013 13:36
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:40

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