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Landing on Small Bodies: From the Rosetta Lander to MASCOT and beyond

Ulamec, S. and Biele, J. and Bousquet, P.-W. and Gaudon, Ph. and Geurts, K. and Ho, T.-M. and Krause, C. and Lange, C. and Willnecker, R. and Witte, L. (2013) Landing on Small Bodies: From the Rosetta Lander to MASCOT and beyond. Acta Astronautica, Vol. 93, pp. 460-466. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2013.02.007 ISSN 0094-5765

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2013.02.007


Recent planning for science and exploration missions has emphasized the high interest in the close investigation of small bodies in the Solar System. In particular in-situ observations of asteroids and comets play an important role in this field and will contribute substantially to our understanding of the formation and history of the Solar System. The first dedicated comet Lander is Philae, an element of ESA's Rosetta mission to comet 67/P Churyumov–Gerasimenko. Rosetta was launched in 2004. After more than 7 years of cruise (including three Earth and one Mars swing-by as well as two asteroid flybys) the spacecraft has gone into a deep space hibernation in June 2011. When approaching the target comet in early 2014, Rosetta will be re-activated. The cometary nucleus will be characterized remotely to prepare for Lander delivery, currently foreseen for November 2014. The Rosetta Lander was developed and manufactured, similar to a scientific instrument, by a consortium consisting of international partners. Project management is located at DLR in Cologne/Germany, with co-project managers at CNES (France) and ASI (Italy). The scientific lead is at the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Science (Lindau, Germany) and the Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale (Paris). Mainly scientific institutes provided the subsystems, instruments and the complete, qualified lander system. Operations are performed in two dedicated centers, the Lander Control Center (LCC) at DLR-MUSC and the Science Operations and Navigation Center (SONC) at CNES. This concept was adopted to reduce overall cost of the project and is foreseen also to be applied for development and operations of future small bodies landers. A mission profiting from experience gained during Philae development and operations is MASCOT, a surface package for the Japanese Hayabusa 2 mission. MASCOT is a small (∼10 kg) mobile device, delivered to the surface of asteroid 1999JU3. There it will operate for about 16 h. During this time a camera, a magnetometer, a thermal monitor and an IR analytical instrument will provide ground truth and thus will even be able to support the selection of possible sampling sites for the main spacecraft. MASCOT is a flexible design that can be adapted to a wide range of missions and possible target bodies. Also the payload is flexible to some extent (with an overall mass in the 3 kg range). For example, the surface package is part of the optional strawman payload for MarcoPolo-R, a European asteroid sample return mission, proposed for ESA Cosmic Vision M-class

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/81695/
Document Type:Article
Title:Landing on Small Bodies: From the Rosetta Lander to MASCOT and beyond
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Ulamec, S.DLR-Köln, stephan.ulamec (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Biele, J.DLR-Köln, jens.biele (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bousquet, P.-W.externUNSPECIFIED
Gaudon, Ph.externUNSPECIFIED
Geurts, K.VEGA, koen.geurts (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ho, T.-M.DLR-Bremen, tra-mi.ho (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Krause, C.DLR-Köln, christian.krause (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lange, C.DLR-Bremen, caroline.lange (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Willnecker, R.DLR-Köln. rainer.willnecker (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Witte, L.DLR Bremen, lars.witte (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:March 2013
Journal or Publication Title:Acta Astronautica
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:Vol. 93
DOI :10.1016/j.actaastro.2013.02.007
Page Range:pp. 460-466
Series Name:Acta Astronautica
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt AsteroidenFinder - Instrumente (old)
Location: Köln-Porz , Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Explorationssysteme
Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Deposited By: Herrmann, Astrid
Deposited On:21 Mar 2013 13:59
Last Modified:10 Jan 2019 15:39

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