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Mineralogical Mapping of the Av-5 Floronia Quadrangle of Asteroid 4 Vesta

Combe, J. P. and Fulchinioni, M. and McCord, T. B. and Ammannito, E. and De Sanctis, M.C. and Nathues, A. and Capaccioni, F. and Frigeri, A. and Jaumann, R. and Le Corre, L. and Palomba, E. and Preusker, Frank and Reddy, V. and Stephan, K. and Tosi, F. and Zambon, F. and Raymond, C.A. and Russell, C.T. (2012) Mineralogical Mapping of the Av-5 Floronia Quadrangle of Asteroid 4 Vesta. In: Copernicus. EGU 2012, 22.04-27.04.2012, Wien, Österreich.

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Abstract

Asteroid 4 Vesta is currently under investigation by NASA's Dawn orbiter. The Dawn Science Team is conducting mineralogical mapping of Vesta's surface in the form of 15 quadrangle maps, and here we report results from the mapping of Floronia quadrangle Av-5. The maps are based on the data acquired by the Visible and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIR-MS) and the Framing Camera (FC) (De Sanctis et al., this meeting). This abstract is focused on the analysis of band ratios, as well as the depth and position of the 2-µm absorption band of pyroxenes, but additional information will be presented. Absorption band depth is sensitive to abundance, texture and multiple scattering effects. Absorption band position is controlled by composition, shorter wavelength positions indicate less Calcium (and more Magnesium) in pyroxenes. The inferred composition is compared with that of Howardite, Eucite and Diogenite meteorites (HEDs). Diogenites are Mg-rich with large orthopyroxene crystals suggesting formation in depth; Eucrites are Ca-poor pyroxene, with smaller crystals. Av-5 Floronia Quadrangle is located between ~20-66˚N and 270˚-360˚E. It covers a portion of the heavily-cratered northern hemisphere of Vesta, and part of it is in permanent night, until August 2012. Long shadows make the visualization of albedo variations difficult, because of limited effectiveness of photometric corrections. Most of the variations of the band depth at 2 µm are partly affected by illumination geometry in this area. Only regional tendencies are meaningful at this time of the analysis. The 2-µm absorption band depth seems to be deeper towards the south of the quadrangle, in particular to the south of Floronia crater. It is not possible to interpret the value of the band depth in the floor the craters because of the absence of direct sunlight. However, the illuminated rims seem to have a deeper 2-µm absorption band, as does the ejecta from an unnamed crater located further south, within quadrangle Av-10 (Tosi et al., 2010, this meeting). The absorption band seems slightly shifted towards shorter wavelengths in the neighborhood of the same crater, which may indicate a more diogenitic composition, consistent with materials of the deeper crust. Relationships between craters, ejecta and composition will be investigated further. The authors acknowledge the support of the Dawn Science, Instrument and Operations Teams. This work was supported by the NASA Dawn Project under contract from UCLA and by the NASA Dawn at Vesta Participating Scientist program.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/80579/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Title:Mineralogical Mapping of the Av-5 Floronia Quadrangle of Asteroid 4 Vesta
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Combe, J. P.Space Science Inst., Winthrop WA, USA, Lab. de Planetologie et de Geodynamique, U. de Nantes, Nantes, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Fulchinioni, M.LESIA - Observatoire de Paris 5UNSPECIFIED
McCord, T. B.HIGP/SOEST, University of Hawaii, Winthrop, WA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Ammannito, E.INAF, Istituto di Fisica Dello Spazio Interplanetario, Roma, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
De Sanctis, M.C.Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Rome, Italy.UNSPECIFIED
Nathues, A.Max-Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Katlenburg-Lindau, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Capaccioni, F.INAF-IASF, italyUNSPECIFIED
Frigeri, A.National Institute of Astrophysics, Rome, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Jaumann, R.ralf.jaumann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Le Corre, L.Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max-Planck-Str. 2, Katlenburg-Lindau, 37191, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Palomba, E.Institute for Interplanetary Space Physics - INAF, Rome, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Preusker, Frankfrank.preusker (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Reddy, V.Department of Space Studies, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202, USAUNSPECIFIED
Stephan, K.katrin.stephan (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Tosi, F.INAF-IASF Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, Roma ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Zambon, F.INAF-IAPS, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Raymond, C.A.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109-8099, USAUNSPECIFIED
Russell, C.T.Institute of Geophysics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095UNSPECIFIED
Date:April 2012
Journal or Publication Title:Copernicus
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Vesta, Dawn
Event Title:EGU 2012
Event Location:Wien, Österreich
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:22.04-27.04.2012
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt DAWN
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Aydin, Zeynep
Deposited On:14 Jan 2013 07:09
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:39

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